Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10356/138665
Title: Highly efficient and stable hydrogen production in all pH range by two-dimensional structured metal-doped tungsten semicarbides
Authors: Ang, Edison Huixiang
Dinh, Khang Ngoc
Sun, Xiaoli
Huang, Ying
Yang, Jun
Dong, Zhili
Dong, Xiaochen
Huang, Wei
Wang, Zhiguo
Zhang, Hua
Yan, Qingyu
Keywords: Science::Chemistry
Issue Date: 2019
Source: Ang, E. H., Dinh, K. N., Sun, X., Huang, Y., Yang, J., Dong, Z., . . . Yan, Q. (2019). Highly efficient and stable hydrogen production in all pH range by two-dimensional structured metal-doped tungsten semicarbides. Research, 2019, 4029516-. doi:10.34133/2019/4029516
Journal: Research
Abstract: Transition-metal-doped tungsten semicarbide nanosheets (M-doped W2C NSs, M=Fe, Co, and Ni) have been synthesized through carburization of the mixture of tungsten trioxide, polyvinylpyrrolidone, and metal dopant. The nanosheets grow directly on the W mesh and have the lateral dimension of several hundreds of nm to a few μm with a thickness of few tens nm. It is demonstrated that the M-doped W2C NSs exhibit superior electrocatalytic activity for hydrogen evolution reaction (HER). Impressively, the Ni-doped W2C NSs (2 at Ni) with the optimized HER activity show extremely low onset overpotentials of 4, 9, and 19 mV and modest Tafel slopes of 39, 51, and 87 mV dec−1 in acidic (pH=0), neutral (pH=7.2), and basic (pH=14) solutions, respectively, which is close to the commercial Pt/C catalyst. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations also demonstrate that the Gibbs free energy for H adsorption of Ni-W2C is much closer to the optimal value = -0.073 eV as compared to -0.16 eV of W2C. Furthermore, nearly 100% Faradaic efficiency and long-term stability are obtained in those environments. This realization of highly tolerant metal semicarbide catalyst performing on par with commercial Pt/C in all range of pH offers a key step towards industrially electrochemical water splitting.
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10356/138665
ISSN: 2639-5274
DOI: 10.34133/2019/4029516
Rights: © 2019 Edison H. Ang et al. Exclusive Licensee Science and Technology Review Publishing House. Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0).
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:MSE Journal Articles

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