Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10356/139451
Title: Multi-scale structural design and biomechanics of the pistol shrimp snapper claw
Authors: Amini, Shahrouz
Tadayon, Maryam
Chua, Julianto Q. Isaiah
Miserez, Ali
Keywords: Engineering::Materials
Issue Date: 2018
Source: Amini, S., Tadayon, M., Chua, J. Q. I., & Miserez, A. (2018). Multi-scale structural design and biomechanics of the pistol shrimp snapper claw. Acta Biomaterialia, 73, 449-457. doi:10.1016/j.actbio.2018.04.038
Journal: Acta biomaterialia
Abstract: The Arthropoda, the largest phylum of the Animal Kingdom, have successfully evolved to survive various ecological constraints under a wide range of environmental conditions. Central to this survival are the structural designs developed in their exoskeletons and their raptorial appendages for protection and hunting. One such example, the pistol shrimp, is a shallow-water crustacean that is well-known for its aggressive hunting behavior, using its snapper claw to trigger the nucleation of cavitation bubbles that strike targets. In this study, we conducted a multi-scale structural/nanomechanics relationship study of this biotool to analyze its mechanical response to contact stresses. We found that the pistol shrimp snapper claw, which exhibits the capacity to emit a high-velocity water jet during rapid closure actions, is more brittle than other mineralized biotools, exhibiting accelerated wear damage under contact stresses. However, due to an angular offset between the dactylus and pollex of the snapper claw, the appendage never engages in any mechanical contact during the snapping action. This feature is in stark contrast to that reported in other fast raptorial appendages of crustaceans, notably the mantis shrimp dactyl club, which is designed to shatter close range targets in contact mode and exhibits a superior resistance to contact damage and wear. These findings suggest that adaptation of hunting appendages goes beyond their macroscopic morphology, and that multi-scale structural design concomitantly adapted to function, with enhanced structural complexification for tools that are subjected to more intense contact stresses.
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10356/139451
ISSN: 1742-7061
DOI: 10.1016/j.actbio.2018.04.038
Rights: © 2018 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Fulltext Permission: none
Fulltext Availability: No Fulltext
Appears in Collections:MSE Journal Articles

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