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Title: Electrically switchable Berry curvature dipole in the monolayer topological insulator WTe2
Authors: Xu, Su-Yang
Ma, Qiong
Shen, Huitao
Fatemi, Valla
Wu, Sanfeng
Chang, Tay-Rong
Chang, Guoqing
Valdivia, Andrés M. Mier
Chan, Ching-Kit
Gibson, Quinn D.
Zhou, Jiadong
Liu, Zheng
Watanabe, Kenji
Taniguchi, Takashi
Lin, Hsin
Cava, Robert J.
Fu, Liang
Gedik, Nuh
Jarillo-Herrero, Pablo
Keywords: Engineering::Materials
Issue Date: 2018
Source: Xu, S.-Y., Ma, Q., Shen, H., Fatemi, V., Wu, S., Chang, T.-R., . . . Jarillo-Herrero, P. (2018). Electrically switchable Berry curvature dipole in the monolayer topological insulator WTe2. Nature Physics, 14(9), 900-906. doi:10.1038/s41567-018-0189-6
Journal: Nature Physics
Abstract: Recent experimental evidence for the quantum spin Hall (QSH) state in monolayer WTe$_2$ has bridged two of the most active fields of condensed matter physics, 2D materials and topological physics. This 2D topological crystal also displays unconventional spin-torque and gate-tunable superconductivity. While the realization of QSH has demonstrated the nontrivial topology of the electron wavefunctions of monolayer WTe$_2$, the geometrical properties of the wavefunction, such as the Berry curvature, remain unstudied. On the other hand, it has been increasingly recognized that the Berry curvature plays an important role in multiple areas of condensed matter physics including nonreciprocal electron transport, enantioselective optical responses, chiral polaritons and even unconventional superconductivity. Here we utilize mid-infrared optoelectronic microscopy to investigate the Berry curvature in monolayer WTe$_2$. By optically exciting electrons across the inverted QSH gap, we observe an in-plane circular photogalvanic current even under normal incidence. The application of an out-of-plane displacement field further systematically controls the direction and magnitude of the photocurrent. Our observed photocurrent reveals a novel Berry curvature dipole that arises from the nontrivial wavefunctions near the inverted gap edge. These previously unrealized Berry curvature dipole and strong electric field effect are uniquely enabled by the inverted band structure and tilted crystal lattice of monolayer WTe$_2$. Such an electrically switchable Berry curvature dipole opens the door to the observation of a wide range of quantum geometrical phenomena, such as quantum nonlinear Hall, orbital-Edelstein and chiral polaritonic effects.
ISSN: 1745-2473
DOI: 10.1038/s41567-018-0189-6
Rights: @ 2018 Macmillan Publishers Limited, part of Springer Nature. All rights reserved.
Fulltext Permission: none
Fulltext Availability: No Fulltext
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