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Title: A theoretical study on the surface and interfacial properties of Ni3P for the hydrogen evolution reaction
Authors: Hu, Jun
Zheng, Shunli
Zhao, Xin
Yao, Xin
Chen, Zhong
Keywords: Engineering::Materials
Issue Date: 2018
Source: Hu, J., Zheng, S., Zhao, X., Yao, X., & Chen, Z. (2018). A theoretical study on the surface and interfacial properties of Ni3P for the hydrogen evolution reaction. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 6(17), 7827-7834. doi:10.1039/c8ta00437d
Journal: Journal of Materials Chemistry A
Abstract: We report a comprehensive density functional theory (DFT) study on the stability, geometric structure, electronic characteristics, and catalytic activity for the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) on low-index Ni3P crystal surfaces, namely, the (001), (100), (110), (101) and (111) planes with different surface terminations. The results indicate that P-rich and some stoichiometric surfaces are thermodynamically stable. Eight stable surfaces were selected to investigate the electronic characteristics and catalytic activity. The (110)B facet of Ni3P is indispensable for the HER, because it not only displays improved electrocatalytic activity, but also possesses suitable potential and high stability. Increasing the active sites through doping or enlarging the surface area could be a useful strategy to improve the HER activity further. Furthermore, it was found that Ni3P requires higher energies for decomposition in the absence of O2, although it is thermodynamically unstable in aqueous solutions with most pH values and potentials. This study provides important insights into the surface properties of Ni3P for water splitting and opens up an exciting opportunity to optimize the performance of solar energy conversion devices by synthesizing preferentially exposed catalyst facets.
ISSN: 2050-7488
DOI: 10.1039/c8ta00437d
Rights: © 2018 The Royal Society of Chemistry. All rights reserved.
Fulltext Permission: none
Fulltext Availability: No Fulltext
Appears in Collections:MSE Journal Articles

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