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Title: Heat source effects on thermal comfort for active chilled beam systems
Authors: Wu, Bingjie
Cai, Wenjian
Ji, Ke
Keywords: Engineering::Electrical and electronic engineering
Issue Date: 2018
Source: Wu, B., Cai, W., & Ji, K. (2018). Heat source effects on thermal comfort for active chilled beam systems. Building and Environment, 141, 91-102. doi:10.1016/j.buildenv.2018.05.045
Journal: Building and Environment
Abstract: In this study, the effects of the configuration and strength of heat sources on thermal comfort are investigated in a mock-up room with an active chilled beam (ACB) system. Full-scale air temperature, speed, and humidity distributions are demonstrated. In addition, the uniformity of the distributions is evaluated. Several common thermal comfort indices, including the air diffusion performance index (ADPI), predicted mean vote (PMV), draft rate (DR), and vertical air temperature difference (VATD) are calculated and compared based on the experimental results. The results reveal that the heat sources increase the average air speed of the occupied zone. However, the air speed distribution is not significantly affected by the heat source configuration for a primary airflow rate of 32.2 L/s. In contrast, the heat source configuration has a notable impact on the temperature distribution. One humidity sensor is sufficient to measure the occupied zone humidity for ACB systems with no significant humidity source because the absolute humidity distributions are extremely uniform for all cases. The points outside the ADPI criteria (−1.7°C<Ted<+1.1°Candv<0.35m/s) are mostly because its air speed is greater than 0.35 m/s. PMV is reduced as the air speed increases. Thus, there is a higher risk of cold feeling at the ankel level where the air speed is relatively greater than other levels. The overall evaluation shows that symmetrical heat source placement results in better thermal comfort performance than asymmetrical heat sources.
ISSN: 0360-1323
DOI: 10.1016/j.buildenv.2018.05.045
Rights: © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Fulltext Permission: none
Fulltext Availability: No Fulltext
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