Computational discovery of vaccine targets.
Zhang, Guang Lan.
Date of Issue2008
School of Computer Engineering
Epitope-based vaccines show great potential in fighting infectious diseases as well as non-communicable diseases. The identification of T-cell epitopes, a crucial step in the design of epitope-based vaccines, is a highly combinatorial problem. Peptide binding to major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules is necessary for cellular immune recognition because antigens can only be recognized by T-cells in the form of a peptide complexed by MHC molecules. Experimental approaches for identification of T-cell epitopes are costly, time-consuming, and not applicable to large scale studies. Bioinformatics methods are therefore instrumental for enabling systematic large-scale T-cell epitope mapping. The aim of this work is to aid vaccine targets discovery by combining multiple computational approaches for precise mapping of individual promiscuous T-cell epitopes as well as T-cell epitope hotspots – the regions in protein antigens that have high concentration of these targets.
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