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dc.contributor.authorTan, Zhengen_US
dc.contributor.authorRoberts, Adam Charlesen_US
dc.contributor.authorChristopoulos, George I.en_US
dc.contributor.authorKwok, Kian-Woonen_US
dc.contributor.authorCar, Josipen_US
dc.contributor.authorLi, XiaoZhaoen_US
dc.contributor.authorSoh, Chee-Kiongen_US
dc.identifier.citationTan, Z., Roberts, A. C., Christopoulos, G. I., Kwok, K.-W., Car, J., Li, X., & Soh, C.-K. (2018). Working in underground spaces : architectural parameters, perceptions and thermal comfort measurements. Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology, 71, 428-439. doi:10.1016/j.tust.2017.09.002en_US
dc.description.abstractRapid economic growth and high urbanization rates create an urgent need for more space in major cities in China. Further development of underground spaces (UGS) is a viable solution that the Chinese government is promoting. For instance, the 13th 5-year Plan for Urban Underground Space Planning suggests that a comprehensive system for UGS planning and management should be established in at least 50% of Chinese cities by 2020. It is thus imperative to better understand how the architectural and engineering aspects of UGS affect human worker's performance, well-being, health, and preferences. The present study reports a comprehensive examination of spaces and occupants of UGS in four major Chinese cities (Beijing, Shanghai, Nanjing and Fuzhou). We investigated thermal comfort conditions in UGS without heating and cooling, and estimated the potential of energy saving during transitional seasons. The results indicate that local climate – and especially the humidity level - is a key factor affecting the thermal behaviour of underground structures. In-depth interviews with workers in UGS indicated that immediate access to above ground greenery, indoor plants, and individual control over the environment compensate for a windowless workspace, and those working in UGS did not perceive to have any sleep disturbances. Previous experience with UGS improved the perception of current underground environments. UGS might even be appreciated as working environments with a good acoustic quality. Overall, the present study challenges the uniformity of standards for the construction of UGS, as it suggests that both climatic conditions as well as user preferences should be taken into account.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipNRF (Natl Research Foundation, S’pore)en_US
dc.relation.ispartofTunnelling and Underground Space Technologyen_US
dc.rights© 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.en_US
dc.subjectEngineering::Civil engineeringen_US
dc.titleWorking in underground spaces : architectural parameters, perceptions and thermal comfort measurementsen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen
dc.contributor.schoolCollege of Business (Nanyang Business School)en_US
dc.contributor.schoolSchool of Civil and Environmental Engineeringen_US
dc.contributor.schoolSchool of Humanitiesen_US
dc.contributor.schoolSchool of Social Sciencesen_US
dc.contributor.schoolLee Kong Chian School of Medicine (LKCMedicine)en_US
dc.contributor.organizationCulture Science Instituteen_US
dc.contributor.organizationDecision, Environmental and Organizational Neuroscience Laben_US
dc.contributor.organizationHealth Services and Outcomes Research Programmeen_US
dc.subject.keywordsUnderground Spaceen_US
dc.subject.keywordsThermal Massen_US
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