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dc.contributor.authorMustafa Khalid Masooden_US
dc.contributor.authorJiang, Chaoyangen_US
dc.contributor.authorSoh, Yeng Chaien_US
dc.identifier.citationMustafa Khalid Masood, Jiang, C., & Soh, Y. C. (2018). A novel feature selection framework with Hybrid Feature-Scaled Extreme Learning Machine (HFS-ELM) for indoor occupancy estimation. Energy and Buildings, 158, 1139-1151. doi:10.1016/j.enbuild.2017.08.087en_US
dc.description.abstractIndoor occupancy estimation can be an important parameter for automating Air Conditioning and Mechanical Ventilation (ACMV) operations in buildings. In this work, we propose a feature selection framework for constructing an occupancy estimator. The framework has two main components: a filter component, which uses a filter method of feature selection and a wrapper component, which implements a wrapper method of feature selection with a machine learning based occupancy estimator. The framework is thus a kind of filter-wrapper hybrid feature selection method. However, the framework is novel in that it uses a combination of static and dynamic features. We use the static features for the purpose of speed, since filter methods of feature selection (which work with static features) are quite fast. Thus, the overall computation time of the framework is kept low, while ensuring good accuracy of estimation due to the use of dynamic features in the wrapper stage. To perform occupancy estimation within the proposed framework, we present a novel technique called the Hybrid Feature-Scaled Extreme Learning Machine (HFS-ELM). The HFS-ELM is a dynamic model of the occupancy level that extracts dynamic features from its inputs. The architecture of the HFS-ELM method is explained in detail. Experimental results in an office space show the effectiveness of the proposed framework.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipNRF (Natl Research Foundation, S’pore)en_US
dc.relation.ispartofEnergy and Buildingsen_US
dc.rights© 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.en_US
dc.subjectEngineering::Electrical and electronic engineeringen_US
dc.titleA novel feature selection framework with Hybrid Feature-Scaled Extreme Learning Machine (HFS-ELM) for indoor occupancy estimationen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen
dc.contributor.schoolSchool of Electrical and Electronic Engineeringen_US
dc.subject.keywordsOccupancy Estimationen_US
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