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Title: A maximum power loading factor (MPLF) control strategy for distributed secondary frequency regulation of islanded microgrid
Authors: Shuai, Zhikang
Huang, Wen
Shen, Xia
Li, Yifeng
Zhang, Xin
Shen, John Zheng
Keywords: Engineering::Electrical and electronic engineering
Issue Date: 2018
Source: Shuai, Z., Huang, W., Shen, X., Li, Y., Zhang, X., & Shen, J. Z. (2019). A maximum power loading factor (MPLF) control strategy for distributed secondary frequency regulation of islanded microgrid. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 34(3), 2275-2291. doi:10.1109/TPEL.2018.2837125
Journal: IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics
Abstract: Microgrids rely on both primary and secondary frequency control techniques to maintain system stability. Secondary frequency control effectively minimizes frequency fluctuations by adjusting the active power reference in each power inverter, but requires complex and costly interequipment communication. In this paper, we propose a distributed secondary frequency control strategy for microgrids containing multiple virtual synchronous generator (VSG) units based on a new maximum power loading factor (MPLF) concept. The MPLF algorithm facilitates power sharing by dynamically identifying the maximum VSG loading factor at each time instance, and then using this value as a unified reference signal for all the VSGs in the microgrid. The active power reference for each VSG will be adjusted based on the unified reference signal, subsequently the secondary frequency control can be realized. The proposed strategy does not require high-bandwidth communication since the MPLF data are transmitted among the VSGs using low-bandwidth communication. We also develop small-signal models for the control architecture to analyze the influence of major proportional-integral control parameters and communication latency. The MPLF control strategy is implemented using custom digital signal processor controllers, and experimentally validated using hardware in loop simulations. Finally, the new control paradigm demonstrates significant tolerance for communication delay or failure, which we purposely introduced in our investigation.
ISSN: 0885-8993
DOI: 10.1109/TPEL.2018.2837125
Rights: © 2018 IEEE. All rights reserved.
Fulltext Permission: none
Fulltext Availability: No Fulltext
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