Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10356/142178
Title: Catalytic polysulfide conversion and physiochemical confinement for lithium–sulfur batteries
Authors: Sun, Zixu
Vijay, Sudarshan
Heenen, Hendrik H.
Eng, Alex Yong Sheng
Tu, Wenguang
Zhao, Yunxing
Koh, See Wee
Gao, Pingqi
Seh, Zhi Wei
Chan, Karen
Li, Hong
Keywords: Engineering::Electrical and electronic engineering
Issue Date: 2020
Source: Sun, Z., Vijay, S., Heenen, H. H., Eng, A. Y. S., Tu, W., Zhao, Y., . . . Li, H. (2020). Catalytic polysulfide conversion and physiochemical confinement for lithium–sulfur batteries. Advanced Energy Materials, 10(22), 1904010-. doi:10.1002/aenm.201904010
Journal: Advanced Energy Materials
Abstract: The lithium–sulfur (Li–S) battery is widely regarded as a promising energy storage device due to its low price and the high earth-abundance of the materials employed. However, the shuttle effect of lithium polysulfides (LiPSs) and sluggish redox conversion result in inefficient sulfur utilization, low power density, and rapid electrode deterioration. Herein, these challenges are addressed with two strategies 1) increasing LiPS conversion kinetics through catalysis, and 2) alleviating the shuttle effect by enhanced trapping and adsorption of LiPSs. These improvements are achieved by constructing double-shelled hollow nanocages decorated with a cobalt nitride catalyst. The N-doped hollow inner carbon shell not only serves as a physiochemical absorber for LiPSs, but also improves the electrical conductivity of the electrode; significantly suppressing shuttle effect. Cobalt nitride (Co4N) nanoparticles, embedded in nitrogen-doped carbon in the outer shell, catalyze the conversion of LiPSs, leading to decreased polarization and fast kinetics during cycling. Theoretical study of the Li intercalation energetics confirms the improved catalytic activity of the Co4N compared to metallic Co catalyst. Altogether, the electrode shows large reversible capacity (1242 mAh g−1 at 0.1 C), robust stability (capacity retention of 658 mAh g−1 at 5 C after 400 cycles), and superior cycling stability at high sulfur loading (4.5 mg cm−2).
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10356/142178
ISSN: 1614-6832
DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201904010
Rights: This is the accepted version of the following article: Sun, Z., Vijay, S., Heenen, H. H., Eng, A. Y. S., Tu, W., Zhao, Y., . . . Li, H. (2020). Catalytic polysulfide conversion and physiochemical confinement for lithium–sulfur batteries. Advanced Energy Materials, 1904010-, which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/aenm.201904010. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with the Wiley Self-Archiving Policy [https://authorservices.wiley.com/authorresources/Journal-Authors/licensing/self-archiving.html].
Fulltext Permission: embargo_20210616
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:MAE Journal Articles

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