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Title: Arts for ageing well : a propensity score matching analysis of the effects of arts engagements on holistic well-being among older Asian adults above 50 years of age
Authors: Ho, Andy Hau Yan
Ma, Stephanie Hilary Xinyi
Ho, Ringo Moon-Ho
Pang, Joyce Shu Min
Ortega, Emily
Bajpai, Ram
Keywords: Social sciences::Psychology
Issue Date: 2019
Source: Ho, A. H. Y., Ma, S. H. X., Ho, R. M.-H., Pang, J. S. M., Ortega, E., & Bajpai, R. (2019). Arts for ageing well : a propensity score matching analysis of the effects of arts engagements on holistic well-being among older Asian adults above 50 years of age. BMJ Open, 9(11), e029555-. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2019-029555
Journal: BMJ Open
Abstract: Objective: To assess the frequency and intensity of arts engagement inclusive of active and passive engagements in arts, culture and heritage activities among Singaporean adults aged 50 and above, and examine the relationships between participatory art and holistic well-being. Design: Cross-sectional stratified household survey. Setting: All residential areas across Singapore’s Central, East, North, North-East and West Regions. Participants: 1067 community-dwelling, Singaporean older adults between the ages of 50 and 95 years were recruited. Primary and secondary outcome measures: Respondents completed a self-reported questionnaire, consisting of standardised ad hoc items assessing the frequencies and durations of active and passive participatory arts engagement, as well as validated psychometric assessments on psychosociospiritual health including the primary outcome measure on quality of life, and the secondary outcome measures on physical, psychological, emotional, spiritual, and social well-being. sociodemographic information, as well as frequency and intensity of physical activity were also collected. Results: Passive engagement (60%) and active engagement (17%) in the arts were associated with better holistic wellness and social support. Specifically, findings from the propensity score matching and independent t-test analyses revealed that adults aged 50 and above who passively engaged in arts and culture-related events experienced higher quality of life (t(728)=3.35, p=0.0008, d=0.25), perceived health (t(728)=2.21, p=0.0277, d=0.16) and sense of belonging (t(728)=2.17, p=0.03, d=0.16), as compared with those who did not. Moreover, those who actively engaged in participatory arts experienced greater quality of life (t(442)=3.68, p=0.0003, d=0.36), self-rated health (t(442)=2.59, p=0.0099, d=0.25), spiritual well-being (t(442)=3.75, p=0.0002, d=0.37), meaning in life (t(442)=5.03, p<0.0001, d=0.50) and sense of peace (t(442)=3.72, p=0.0002, d=0.36), as compared with those who did not actively engaged in the arts. Conclusion: This study provided robust evidence to support a significant causal relationship between arts engagements and holistic well-being. Recommendations for art-based public health and elderly care research, practice and policy are discussed.
ISSN: 2044-6055
DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-029555
Rights: © 2019 Author(s) (or their employer(s)). Re-use permitted under CC BY-NC. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
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