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dc.contributor.authorTan, Zhengen_US
dc.contributor.authorLau, Kevin Ka-Lunen_US
dc.contributor.authorRoberts, Adam Charlesen_US
dc.contributor.authorChao, Stessa Tzu-Yuanen_US
dc.contributor.authorNg, Edwarden_US
dc.identifier.citationTan, Z., Lau, K. K.-K., Roberts, A. C., Chao, S. T.-Y., & Ng, E. (2019). Designing urban green spaces for older adults in Asian cities. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(22), 4423-. doi:10.3390/ijerph16224423en_US
dc.description.abstractElderly populations in Asian countries are expected to increase rapidly in the next few decades. Older adults, particularly in high-density cities, spend a considerable amount of time in urban green spaces (UGSs). The World Health Organization noted that UGSs are key to improving the age-friendliness of neighborhoods. Thus, it is necessary to design UGSs for the promotion of healthy ageing to enhance preventive healthcare and relieve medical burdens. This study conducted interviews using a questionnaire with a sample size of 326 participants in the cities of Hong Kong (China) and Tainan (Taiwan region). The inter-relationships among the design of UGSs (e.g., spatial distribution and accessibility, characteristics of plants and UGSs), older adults' perceptions on safety and aesthetics quality of UGSs, and their self-reported health conditions (assessed by the self-reported SF-12v2 Health Survey) were investigated with bivariate Spearman rank correlation tests. The results indicate that the duration of visits to UGSs was positively associated with mental health and social functioning, two subscales evaluating health-related quality of life in SF 12v2. The statistical model (moderation analysis) showed that such a correlation was especially significant in women and those with low social support and social capital. A positive relationship was found between the physical health subscale and perceived safety in UGSs. This relationship was stronger among older adults living alone (moderation analysis). Furthermore, the color of plants and maintenance condition of UGSs were significant aspects affecting the subjective assessment of aesthetic quality. This study provides useful information regarding how to plan and design urban green spaces with certain characteristics that could improve the accessibility and aesthetic quality, which are preferred by older adults.en_US
dc.relation.ispartofInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Healthen_US
dc.rights© 2019 The Authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (
dc.subjectEngineering::Mechanical engineeringen_US
dc.titleDesigning urban green spaces for older adults in Asian citiesen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen
dc.contributor.schoolSchool of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineeringen_US
dc.description.versionPublished versionen_US
dc.subject.keywordsAge-friendly Citiesen_US
dc.subject.keywordsUrban Designen_US
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