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Title: Review of 3D printable hydrogels and constructs
Authors: Li, Huijun
Tan, Cavin
Li, Lin
Keywords: Engineering::Mechanical engineering
Issue Date: 2018
Source: Li, H., Tan, C., & Li, L. (2018). Review of 3D printable hydrogels and constructs. Materials and Design, 159, 20-38. doi:10.1016/j.matdes.2018.08.023
Journal: Materials and Design
Abstract: Three dimensional (3D) bioprinting technologies with appropriate bioinks are potentially able to fabricate artificial tissues or organs with precise control. A bioink is a mixture of biomaterial and living cells, which is a biomaterial for bioprinting. Hydrogels are the most appealing candidates of biomaterials because they have many similar features of the natural extracellular matrix and could also provide a highly hydrated environment for cell proliferation. In this field of bio-fabrication, particularly in bioprinting, the lack of suitable hydrogels remains a major challenge. Thus, choosing appropriate hydrogels for bioprinting is the key to print self-supporting 3D constructs. Most importantly, the considerations regarding the bioinks and the obtained constructs should be made clear. This review aims to provide the specific considerations regarding the important properties of a potential bioink and the generated 3D construct, including rheological, interfacial, structural, biological, and degradation properties, which are crucial for printing of complex and functional 3D structures. Among all of the above considerations, interfacial bonding is one of the important considerations of successfully obtaining a 3D structure. Unfortunately, it is rarely mentioned in the prior literature. This review also points out, for the first time, the characterization of a potential bioink from a rheological point of view. To provide readers with an understanding of the background, the review will first present current technologies for bioprinting and their limitations. Following this will be a summary and discussion of some frequently used hydrogels for bioprinting, and their respective limitations as well. The readers will be informed on the current limitations and achievements in 3D bioprinting. This review ultimately intends to help researchers to select or develop suitable bioinks for successfully bioprinting 3D constructs.
ISSN: 0264-1275
DOI: 10.1016/j.matdes.2018.08.023
Rights: © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This paper was published in Materials and Design and is made available with permission of Elsevier Ltd.
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:SC3DP Journal Articles

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