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Title: Design and experiment of controlled bistable vortex induced vibration energy harvesting systems operating in chaotic regions
Authors: Huynh, Bao Huy
Tjahjowidodo, Tegoeh
Zhong, Zhao Wei
Wang, Youyi
Srikanth, Narasimalu
Keywords: Engineering::Electrical and electronic engineering
Issue Date: 2017
Source: Huynh, B. H., Tjahjowidodo, T., Zhong, Z. W., Wang, Y., & Srikanth, N. (2018). Design and experiment of controlled bistable vortex induced vibration energy harvesting systems operating in chaotic regions. Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing, 98, 1097-1115. doi:10.1016/j.ymssp.2017.06.002
Journal: Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing
Abstract: Vortex induced vibration based energy harvesting systems have gained interests in these recent years due to its potential as a low water current energy source. However, the effectiveness of the system is limited only at a certain water current due to the resonance principle that governs the concept. In order to extend the working range, a bistable spring to support the structure is introduced on the system. The improvement on the performance is essentially dependent on the bistable gap as one of the main parameters of the nonlinear spring. A sufficiently large bistable gap will result in a significant performance improvement. Unfortunately, a large bistable gap might also increase a chance of chaotic responses, which in turn will result in diminutive harvested power. To mitigate the problem, an appropriate control structure is required to stabilize the chaotic vibrations of a VIV energy converter with the bistable supporting structure. Based on the nature of the double-well potential energy in a bistable spring, the ideal control structure will attempt to drive the responses to inter-well periodic vibrations in order to maximize the harvested power. In this paper, the OGY control algorithm is designed and implemented to the system. The control strategy is selected since it requires only a small perturbation in a structural parameter to execute the control effort, thus, minimum power is needed to drive the control input. Facilitated by a wake oscillator model, the bistable VIV system is modelled as a 4-dimensional autonomous continuous-time dynamical system. To implement the controller strategy, the system is discretized at a period estimated from the subspace hyperplane intersecting to the chaotic trajectory, whereas the fixed points that correspond to the desired periodic orbits are estimated by the recurrence method. Simultaneously, the Jacobian and sensitivity matrices are estimated by the least square regression method. Based on the defined fixed point and the linearized model, the control gain matrix is calculated using the pole placement technique. The results show that the OGY controller is capable of stabilizing the chaotic responses by driving them to the desired inter-well period-one periodic vibrations and it is also shown that the harvested power is successfully improved. For validation purpose, a real-time experiment was carried out on a computer-based forced-feedback testing platform to validate the applicability of the controller in real-time applications. The experimental results confirm the feasibility of the controller to stabilize the responses.
ISSN: 0888-3270
DOI: 10.1016/j.ymssp.2017.06.002
Rights: © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Fulltext Permission: none
Fulltext Availability: No Fulltext
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