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dc.contributor.authorSingh, Manishaen_US
dc.contributor.authorWebster, Richard Daviden_US
dc.contributor.authorSteele, Terry W. J.en_US
dc.identifier.citationSingh, M., Webster, R. D., & Steele, T. W. J. (2019). Voltaglue electroceutical adhesive patches for localized voltage stimulation. ACS Applied Bio Materials, 2(6), 2633-2642. doi:10.1021/acsabm.9b00303en_US
dc.description.abstractElectroceuticals have been proposed as nerve- and tissue-stimulating therapeutics for diverse ailments such as fracture repair, Parkinson’s disease, diabetes, hypertension, and wound healing. However, academic and clinical investigations of electroceutical hypotheses remain intangible due to the lack of suitable interfaces required for the application of uniform electric fields to localized tissues. There is an unmet need to develop materials that match the mechanical properties of soft tissues, are electrically conductive, and can flex to accommodate body movements. Herein, the design of a flexible resistive substrate and voltage-activated adhesive-based “electroceutical plaster” is demonstrated, which generates bound electric fields. The electric fields generated by the resistive substrate can interact with the active component in the voltage-activated adhesive. Structure–activity relationships of applied voltage and current bias on electrorheology and tissue adhesion are investigated. Electrocuring migration is observed, where curing commences near the cathode and progresses toward the anode. A potential electroceutical dressing with a tunable lap shear adhesion of 20–65 kPa is introduced for evaluation of electroceutical therapies.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipASTAR (Agency for Sci., Tech. and Research, S’pore)en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipMOE (Min. of Education, S’pore)en_US
dc.relation.ispartofACS Applied Bio Materialsen_US
dc.rightsThis document is the Accepted Manuscript version of a Published Work that appeared in final form in ACS Applied Bio Materials, copyright © American Chemical Society after peer review and technical editing by the publisher. To access the final edited and published work see
dc.titleVoltaglue electroceutical adhesive patches for localized voltage stimulationen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen
dc.contributor.schoolSchool of Materials Science and Engineeringen_US
dc.contributor.schoolSchool of Physical and Mathematical Sciencesen_US
dc.contributor.schoolInterdisciplinary Graduate School (IGS)en_US
dc.contributor.organizationNTU-Northwestern Institute for Nanomedicineen_US
dc.description.versionAccepted versionen_US
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