Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10356/142806
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dc.contributor.authorKim, Hye Kyungen_US
dc.contributor.authorLwin, May Ooen_US
dc.date.accessioned2020-07-01T07:54:25Z-
dc.date.available2020-07-01T07:54:25Z-
dc.date.issued2016-
dc.identifier.citationKim, H. K., & Lwin, M. O. (2017). Cultural effects on cancer prevention behaviors : fatalistic cancer beliefs and risk optimism among Asians in Singapore. Health Communication, 32(10), 1201-1209. doi:10.1080/10410236.2016.1214224en_US
dc.identifier.issn1041-0236en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10356/142806-
dc.description.abstractAlthough culture is acknowledged as an important factor that influences health, little is known about cultural differences pertaining to cancer-related beliefs and prevention behaviors. This study examines two culturally influenced beliefs-fatalistic beliefs about cancer prevention, and optimistic beliefs about cancer risk-to identify reasons for cultural disparity in the engagement of cancer prevention behaviors. We utilized data from national surveys of European Americans in the United States (Health Information National Trends Survey 4, Cycle3; N = 1,139) and Asians in Singapore (N = 1,200) to make cultural comparisons. The odds of an Asian adhering to prevention recommendations were less than half the odds of a European American, with the exception of smoking avoidance. Compared to European Americans, Asians were more optimistic about their cancer risk both in an absolute and a comparative sense, and held stronger fatalistic beliefs about cancer prevention. Mediation analyses revealed that fatalistic beliefs and absolute risk optimism among Asians partially explain their lower engagement in prevention behaviors, whereas comparative risk optimism increases their likelihood of adhering to prevention behaviors. Our findings underscore the need for developing culturally targeted interventions in communicating cancer causes and prevention.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.relation.ispartofHealth Communicationen_US
dc.rightsThis is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Health Communication on 09 Sep 2016, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/10410236.2016.1214224en_US
dc.subjectSocial sciences::Communicationen_US
dc.titleCultural effects on cancer prevention behaviors : fatalistic cancer beliefs and risk optimism among Asians in Singaporeen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen
dc.contributor.schoolWee Kim Wee School of Communication and Informationen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1080/10410236.2016.1214224-
dc.description.versionAccepted versionen_US
dc.identifier.pmid27613075-
dc.identifier.scopus2-s2.0-84986230441-
dc.identifier.issue10en_US
dc.identifier.volume32en_US
dc.identifier.spage1201en_US
dc.identifier.epage1209en_US
dc.subject.keywordsCancer Prevention Behaviorsen_US
dc.subject.keywordsAsiansen_US
item.grantfulltextopen-
item.fulltextWith Fulltext-
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