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|Title:||Stimulated electron energy loss and gain in an electron microscope without a pulsed electron gun||Authors:||Das, P.
Blazit, J. D.
Zagonel, L. F.
Lee, Yih Hong
Ling, Xing Yi
García de Abajo, F. J.
|Keywords:||Science::Chemistry||Issue Date:||2018||Source:||Das, P., Blazit, J. D., Tencé, M., Zagonel, L. F., Auad, Y., Lee, Y. H., . . . Kociak, M. (2019). Stimulated electron energy loss and gain in an electron microscope without a pulsed electron gun. Ultramicroscopy, 203, 44-51. doi:10.1016/j.ultramic.2018.12.011||Journal:||Ultramicroscopy||Abstract:||We report on a novel way of performing stimulated electron energy-loss and energy-gain spectroscopy (sEELS/sEEGS) experiments that does not require a pulsed gun. In this scheme, a regular scanning transmission electron microscope (STEM) equipped with a conventional continuous electron gun is fitted with a modified EELS detector and a light injector in the object chamber. The modification of the EELS detector allows one to expose the EELS camera during tunable time intervals that can be synchronized with nanosecond laser pulses hitting the sample, therefore allowing us to collect only those electrons that have interacted with the sample under light irradiation. Using ∼ 5 ns laser pulses of ∼ 2 eV photon energy on various plasmonic silver samples, we obtain evidence of sEELS/sEEGS through the emergence of up to two loss and gain peaks in the spectra at ± 2 and ± 4 eV. Because this approach does not involve any modification of the gun, our method retains the original performances of the microscope in terms of energy resolution and spectral imaging with and without light injection. Compared to pulsed-gun techniques, our method is mainly limited to a perturbative regime (typically no more that one gain event per incident electron), which allows us to observe resonant effects, in particular when the plasmon energy of a silver nanostructure matches the laser photon energy. In this situation, EELS and EEGS signals are enhanced in proportion to n+1 and n, respectively, where n is the average plasmon population due to the external illumination. The n term is associated with stimulated loss and gain processes, and the term of 1 corresponds to conventional (spontaneous) loss. The EELS part of the spectrum is therefore an incoherent superposition of spontaneous and stimulated EEL events. This is confirmed by a proper quantum-mechanical description of the electron/light/plasmon system incorporating light-plasmon and plasmon-electron interactions, as well as inelastic plasmon decay.||URI:||https://hdl.handle.net/10356/142880||ISSN:||0304-3991||DOI:||10.1016/j.ultramic.2018.12.011||Rights:||© 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. This paper was published in Ultramicroscopy and is made available with permission of Elsevier B.V.||Fulltext Permission:||open||Fulltext Availability:||With Fulltext|
|Appears in Collections:||SPMS Journal Articles|
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