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Title: Three-dimensional surface-enhanced Raman scattering platforms : large-scale plasmonic hotspots for new applications in sensing, microreaction, and data storage
Authors: Phan-Quang, Gia Chuong
Han, Xuemei
Koh, Charlynn Sher Lin
Sim, Howard Yi Fan
Lay, Chee Leng
Leong, Shi Xuan
Lee, Yih Hong
Pazos-Perez, Nicolas
Alvarez-Puebla, Ramon A.
Ling, Xing Yi
Keywords: Science::Chemistry
Issue Date: 2019
Source: Phan-Quang, G. C., Han, X., Koh, C. S. L., Sim, H. Y. F., Lay, C. L., Leong, S. X., . . . Ling, X. Y. (2019). Three-dimensional surface-enhanced Raman scattering platforms : large-scale plasmonic hotspots for new applications in sensing, microreaction, and data storage. Accounts of Chemical Research, 52(7), 1844-1854. doi:10.1021/acs.accounts.9b00163
Journal: Accounts of Chemical Research 
Abstract: Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) is a molecular-specific spectroscopic technique that provides up to 1010-fold enhancement of signature Raman fingerprints using nanometer-scale 0D to 2D platforms. Over the past decades, 3D SERS platforms with additional plasmonic materials in the z-axis have been fabricated at sub-micrometer to centimeter scale, achieving higher hotspot density in all x, y, and z spatial directions and higher tolerance to laser misalignment. Moreover, the flexibility to construct platforms in arbitrary sizes and 3D shapes creates attractive applications besides traditional SERS sensing. In this Account, we introduce our library of substrate-based and substrate-less 3D plasmonic platforms, with an emphasis on their non-sensing applications as microlaboratories and data storage labels. We aim to provide a scientific synopsis on these high-potential yet currently overlooked applications of SERS and ignite new scientific discoveries and technology development in 3D SERS platforms to tackle real-world issues. One highlight of our substrate-based SERS platforms is multilayered platforms built from micrometer-thick assemblies of plasmonic particles, which can achieve up to 1011 enhancement factor. As an alternative, constructing 3D hotspots on non-plasmonic supports significantly reduces waste of plasmonic materials while allowing high flexibility in structural design. We then introduce our emerging substrate-less plasmonic capsules including liquid marbles and colloidosomes, which we further incorporate the latter within an aerosol to form centimeter-scale SERS-active plasmonic cloud, the world's largest 3D SERS platform to date. We then discuss the various emerging applications arising only from these 3D platforms, in the fields of sensing, microreactions, and data storage. An important novel sensing application is the stand-off detection of airborne analytes that are several meters away, made feasible with aerosolized plasmonic clouds. We also describe plasmonic capsules as excellent miniature lab-in-droplets that can simultaneously provide in situ monitoring at the molecular level during reaction, owing to their ultrasensitive 3D plasmonic shells. We highlight the emergence of 3D SERS-based data storage platforms with 10-100-fold higher storage density than 2D platforms, featuring a new approach in the development of level 3 security (L3S) anti-counterfeiting labels. Ultimately, we recognize that 3D SERS research can only be developed further when its sensing capabilities are concurrently strengthened. With this vision, we foresee the creation of highly applicable 3D SERS platforms that excel in both sensing and non-sensing areas, providing modern solutions in the ongoing Fourth Industrial Revolution.
ISSN: 1520-4898
DOI: 10.1021/acs.accounts.9b00163
Rights: This document is the Accepted Manuscript version of a Published Work that appeared in final form in Accounts of Chemical Research, copyright © American Chemical Society after peer review and technical editing by the publisher. To access the final edited and published work see
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:SPMS Journal Articles


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