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Title: Improving the interfacial properties of CZTS photocathodes by Ag substitution
Authors: Tay, Ying Fan
Hadke, Shreyash Sudhakar
Zhang, Mengyuan
Lim, Nathan
Chiam, Sing Yang
Wong, Lydia Helena
Keywords: Engineering::Materials
Issue Date: 2020
Source: Tay, Y. F., Hadke, S. S., Zhang, M., Lim, N., Chiam, S. Y., & Wong, L. H. (2020). Improving the interfacial properties of CZTS photocathodes by Ag substitution. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 8(18), 8862-8867. doi:10.1039/D0TA02042G
Project: MOE2016-T2-1-030
Journal: Journal of Materials Chemistry A 
Abstract: Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) is a promising photocathode in a water splitting system due to its appropriate conduction band position with the water reduction potential, suitable band gap and high absorption coefficient. However, CZTS has yet to demonstrate unbiased solar to hydrogen efficiency above 1% in a photocathode-photoanode tandem setup unlike its CuInGaSe2 chalcogenide counterpart due to its low onset potential and photocurrent. This low onset potential and photocurrent is believed to be limited by the large density of defects in CZTS and at the CZTS/CdS interface which limits the open-circuit voltage in CZTS solar cells. In this work (AgxCu1-x)2ZnSnS4 (ACZTS) with Ag+ partially replacing Cu+ is fabricated by solution process and investigated as a photocathode. Our ACZTS/CdS/Pt photocathode yields a maximum photocurrent of 17.7 mA cm-2 at 0 VRHE at 4% Ag (x = 0.04) and a maximum onset potential of 0.85 VRHE at 8% Ag (x = 0.08), which is a substantial improvement from our CZTS/CdS/Pt photocathode that has a photocurrent of 13 mA cm-2 and onset potential of 0.65 VRHE. A combination of incident photon to current efficiency (IPCE) measurements done in a photoelectrochemical (PEC) and photovoltaic (PV) setup attributes the improvement to the interface properties. Other PV measurements such as capacitance-voltage profiling (CV) and Mott-Schottky measurements reveal a lower apparent carrier concentration and higher built-in voltage of ACZTS.
ISSN: 2050-7496
DOI: 10.1039/D0TA02042G
DOI (Related Dataset):
Rights: © 2020 Royal Society of Chemistry. All rights reserved. This paper was published in Journal of Materials Chemistry A and is made available with permission of Royal Society of Chemistry.
Fulltext Permission: embargo_20210521
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:MSE Journal Articles

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