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dc.contributor.authorAzhari, Atiqahen_US
dc.contributor.authorWong, Ariel Wan Tingen_US
dc.contributor.authorLim, Mengyuen_US
dc.contributor.authorBalagtas, Jan Paolo Macapinlacen_US
dc.contributor.authorGabrieli, Giulioen_US
dc.contributor.authorSetoh, Peipeien_US
dc.contributor.authorEsposito, Gianlucaen_US
dc.identifier.citationAzhari, A., Wong, A. W. T., Lim, M., Balagtas, J. P. M., Gabrieli, G., Setoh, P., & Esposito, G. (2020). Parents' past bonding experience with their parents interacts with current parenting stress to influence the quality of interaction with their child. Behavioral Sciences, 10(7), 114-. doi:10.3390/bs10070114en_US
dc.description.abstractHealthy dyadic interactions serve as a foundation for child development and are typically characterised by mutual emotional availability of both the parent and child. However, several parental factors might undermine optimal parent-child interactions, including the parent's current parenting stress levels and the parent's past bonding experiences with his/her own parents. To date, no study has investigated the possible interaction of parenting stress and parental bonding history with their own parents on the quality of emotional availability during play interactions. In this study, 29 father-child dyads (18 boys, 11 girls; father's age = 38.07 years, child's age = 42.21 months) and 36 mother-child dyads (21 boys, 15 girls; mother's age = 34.75 years, child's age = 41.72 months) from different families were recruited to participate in a 10-min play session after reporting on their current parenting stress and past care and overprotection experience with their parents. We measured the emotional availability of mother-child and father-child play across four adult subscales (i.e., sensitivity, structuring, non-intrusiveness, non-hostility) and two child subscales (i.e., involvement and responsiveness). Regression slope analyses showed that parenting stress stemming from having a difficult child predicts adult non-hostility, and is moderated by the parents' previously experienced maternal overprotection. When parenting stress is low, higher maternal overprotection experienced by the parent in the past would predict greater non-hostility during play. This finding suggests that parents' present stress levels and past bonding experiences with their parents interact to influence the quality of dyadic interaction with their child.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipMinistry of Education (MOE)en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipNanyang Technological Universityen_US
dc.relationM4081597 (GE)en_US
dc.relationRG55/18 2018-T1-001-172 (GE)en_US
dc.relationRG55/15 (PS)en_US
dc.relationMOE2016-SSRTG-017 (PS)en_US
dc.relation.ispartofBehavioral Sciencesen_US
dc.rights© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (
dc.subjectSocial sciences::Psychologyen_US
dc.titleParents' past bonding experience with their parents interacts with current parenting stress to influence the quality of interaction with their childen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen
dc.contributor.schoolSchool of Social Sciencesen_US
dc.contributor.schoolLee Kong Chian School of Medicine (LKCMedicine)en_US
dc.description.versionPublished versionen_US
dc.subject.keywordsParenting Stressen_US
dc.subject.keywordsParental Bondingen_US
dc.description.acknowledgementThis work was supported by the the Singapore’s Children Society (AA), the 2015 NAP Start-up Grant M4081597 (GE) from Nanyang Technological University Singapore, the Ministry of Education Tier-1 Grant RG55/18 2018-T1-001-172 (GE), the Ministry of Education Tier-1 Grant RG55/15 (PS) and the Singapore Ministry of Education Social Science Research Thematic Grant (MOE2016-SSRTG-017, PS).en_US
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