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dc.contributor.authorLiu, Mingyueen_US
dc.contributor.authorHuang, Renliangen_US
dc.contributor.authorLi, Chuanxien_US
dc.contributor.authorChe, Mingdaen_US
dc.contributor.authorSu, Rongxinen_US
dc.contributor.authorLi, Shuzhouen_US
dc.contributor.authorYu, Jingen_US
dc.contributor.authorQi, Weien_US
dc.contributor.authorHe, Zhiminen_US
dc.identifier.citationLiu, M., Huang, R., Li, C., Che, M., Su, R., Li, S., . . . He, Z. (2019). Continuous rapid dechlorination of p-chlorophenol by Fe-Pd nanoparticles promoted by procyanidin. Chemical Engineering Science, 201, 121-131. doi:10.1016/j.ces.2019.02.024en_US
dc.description.abstractNanoscale zero-valent iron has been widely applied in environmental remediation and toxic waste treatment, especially for the degradation of persistent organic pollutants (POPs). However, the dechlorination activity of Fe nanoparticles (Fe NPs) can be suppressed by the precipitation of iron oxides generated from the corrosion of Fe-Pd NPs under alkaline conditions, leading to a decreased dechlorination efficiency. Faced with this challenge, we report a highly effective dechlorination system that functions over a broad pH range and especially well under alkaline conditions in this work. Procyanidin (PROC), a natural polyphenol, was utilized as a stabilizer to manipulate the size distribution of Fe-Pd NPs and, more importantly, as a scavenger of Fe ions to prevent iron oxide precipitation. Experiments and theoretical calculations reveal that the generated Fe ions was mainly present in the form of bis- and tris-PROC-Fe complexes in the reaction solution. Compared with pristine Fe-Pd NPs, the PROC-modified Fe-Pd NPs had a dechlorination efficiency that was increased 20-fold (pH 9.0). Notably, a normalized rate constant was enhanced by more than 2 orders of magnitude compared to the previously reported dechlorination systems. The PROC-modified Fe-Pd NPs showed excellent dechlorination efficiency over a wide pH range (2.3–13.0).en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipNanyang Technological Universityen_US
dc.relation.ispartofChemical Engineering Scienceen_US
dc.rights© 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.en_US
dc.titleContinuous rapid dechlorination of p-chlorophenol by Fe-Pd nanoparticles promoted by procyanidinen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen
dc.contributor.schoolSchool of Materials Science and Engineeringen_US
dc.subject.keywordsZero-valent Ironen_US
dc.description.acknowledgementThis work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21621004, 51473115, 21776212), Tianjin Municipal Science and Technology Bureau, China (16JCZDJC37900, 18YFHBZC00010, 18YFZCSF00590), and the Ministry of Education (grant No. NCET-11-0372). JY thanks to a start-up grant of NTU, M4082049.070.en_US
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