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Title: Continuous rapid dechlorination of p-chlorophenol by Fe-Pd nanoparticles promoted by procyanidin
Authors: Liu, Mingyue
Huang, Renliang
Li, Chuanxi
Che, Mingda
Su, Rongxin
Li, Shuzhou
Yu, Jing
Qi, Wei
He, Zhimin
Keywords: Engineering::Materials
Issue Date: 2019
Source: Liu, M., Huang, R., Li, C., Che, M., Su, R., Li, S., . . . He, Z. (2019). Continuous rapid dechlorination of p-chlorophenol by Fe-Pd nanoparticles promoted by procyanidin. Chemical Engineering Science, 201, 121-131. doi:10.1016/j.ces.2019.02.024
Project: M4082049.070
Journal: Chemical Engineering Science
Abstract: Nanoscale zero-valent iron has been widely applied in environmental remediation and toxic waste treatment, especially for the degradation of persistent organic pollutants (POPs). However, the dechlorination activity of Fe nanoparticles (Fe NPs) can be suppressed by the precipitation of iron oxides generated from the corrosion of Fe-Pd NPs under alkaline conditions, leading to a decreased dechlorination efficiency. Faced with this challenge, we report a highly effective dechlorination system that functions over a broad pH range and especially well under alkaline conditions in this work. Procyanidin (PROC), a natural polyphenol, was utilized as a stabilizer to manipulate the size distribution of Fe-Pd NPs and, more importantly, as a scavenger of Fe ions to prevent iron oxide precipitation. Experiments and theoretical calculations reveal that the generated Fe ions was mainly present in the form of bis- and tris-PROC-Fe complexes in the reaction solution. Compared with pristine Fe-Pd NPs, the PROC-modified Fe-Pd NPs had a dechlorination efficiency that was increased 20-fold (pH 9.0). Notably, a normalized rate constant was enhanced by more than 2 orders of magnitude compared to the previously reported dechlorination systems. The PROC-modified Fe-Pd NPs showed excellent dechlorination efficiency over a wide pH range (2.3–13.0).
ISSN: 0009-2509
DOI: 10.1016/j.ces.2019.02.024
Rights: © 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Fulltext Permission: none
Fulltext Availability: No Fulltext
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