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Title: Integrated comparative genomic analysis and phenotypic profiling of Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from crude oil
Authors: Xu, Anming
Wang, Di
Ding, Yichen
Zheng, Yaqian
Wang, Bo
Wei, Qing
Wang, Shiwei
Yang, Liang
Ma, Luyan Z.
Keywords: Science::Biological sciences
Issue Date: 2020
Source: Xu, A., Wang, D., Ding, Y., Zheng, Y., Wang, B., Wei, Q., & Ma, L. Z. (2020). Integrated comparative genomic analysis and phenotypic profiling of Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from crude oil. Frontiers in Microbiology, 11, 519-. doi:10.3389/fmicb.2020.00519
Journal: Frontiers in Microbiology 
Abstract: Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an environmental microorganism that can thrive in diverse ecological niches including plants, animals, water, soil, and crude oil. It also one of the microorganism widely used in tertiary recovery of crude oil and bioremediation. However, the genomic information regarding the mechanisms of survival and adapation of this bacterium in crude oil is still limited. In this study, three Pseudomonads strains (named as IMP66, IMP67, and IMP68) isolated from crude oil were taken for whole-genome sequencing by using a hybridized PacBio and Illumina approach. The phylogeny analysis showed that the three strains were all P. aeruginosa species and clustered in clade 1, the group with PAO1 as a representitive. Subsequent comparative genomic analysis revealed a high degree of individual genomic plasticity, with a probable alkane degradation genomic island, one type I-F CRISPR-Cas system and several prophages integrated into their genomes. Nine genes encoding alkane hydroxylases (AHs) homologs were found in each strain, which might enable these strains to degrade alkane in crude oil. P. aeruginosa can produce rhamnolipids (RLs) biosurfactant to emulsify oil, which enables their survival in crude oil enviroments. Our previous report showed that IMP67 and IMP68 were high RLs producers, while IMP66 produced little RLs. Genomic analysis suggested that their RLs yield was not likely due to differences at genetic level. We then further analyzed the quorum sensing (QS) signal molecules that regulate RLs synthesis. IMP67 and IMP68 produced more N-acyl-homoserine lactones (AHLs) signal molecules than that of PAO1 and IMP66, which could explain their high RLs yield. This study provides evidence for adaptation of P. aeruginosa in crude oil and proposes the potential application of IMP67 and IMP68 in microbial-enhanced oil recovery and bioremediation.
ISSN: 1664-302X
DOI: 10.3389/fmicb.2020.00519
Rights: © 2020 Xu, Wang, Ding, Zheng, Wang, Wei, Wang, Yang and Ma. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
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