Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: The underground workspaces questionnaire (UWSQ) : investigating public attitudes toward working in underground spaces
Authors: Lee, Eun Hee
Luo, Chengwen
Sam, Yoke Loo
Roberts, Adam Charles
Kwok, Kian Woon
Car, Josip
Soh, Chee-Kiong
Christopoulos, George I.
Keywords: Engineering::Civil engineering
Issue Date: 2019
Source: Lee, E. H., Luo, C., Sam, Y. L., Roberts, A. C., Kwok, K. W., Car, J., . . . Christopoulos, G. I. (2019). The underground workspaces questionnaire (UWSQ) : investigating public attitudes toward working in underground spaces. Building and Environment, 153, 28-34. doi:10.1016/j.buildenv.2019.02.017
Project: L2NICCFP1-2013-2
Journal: Building and Environment
Abstract: Over half of the global population lives in urban areas, making the issue of space a pressing environmental factor. The development of large-scale underground complexes in (mega-)cities is a solution to healthy urban growth and many governments have already adopted the development of underground (office) workspaces (UWS). Engineering can develop such high quality spaces; yet, there is limited understanding of how the public perceives UWS. UWS are not the same as other workspaces, and thus special assessment tools are needed. Here, we present the Underground Workspaces Questionnaire (UWSQ), which measures pre-occupant attitudes towards UWS. Analysis (N > 1000) identified three factors with positive aspects associated with feeling protected, whereas confinement was independent of affective responses. Predictably, responses to the three factors correlated with claustrophobia but were independent constructs. UWSQ can help policymakers and architects understand how populations holistically respond to the idea of working in an underground office.
ISSN: 0360-1323
DOI: 10.1016/j.buildenv.2019.02.017
Rights: © 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:CEE Journal Articles

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
1-s2.0-S036013231930112X-main.pdf462.16 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

Citations 20

Updated on Mar 5, 2021

Page view(s)

Updated on May 21, 2022

Download(s) 50

Updated on May 21, 2022

Google ScholarTM




Items in DR-NTU are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.