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Title: Ozone affects plant, insect, and soil microbial communities : a threat to terrestrial ecosystems and biodiversity
Authors: Agathokleous, Evgenios
Feng, Zhaozhong
Oksanen, Elina
Sicard, Pierre
Wang, Qi
Saitanis, Costas J.
Araminiene, Valda
Blande, James D.
Hayes, Felicity
Calatayud, Vicent
Domingos, Marisa
Veresoglou, Stavros D.
Peñuelas, Josep
Wardle, David A.
De Marco, Alessandra
Li, Zhengzhen
Harmens, Harry
Yuan, Xiangyang
Vitale, Marcello
Paoletti, Elena
Keywords: Engineering::Environmental engineering
Issue Date: 2020
Source: Agathokleous, E., Feng, Z., Oksanen, E., Sicard, P., Wang, Q., Saitanis, C. J., . . . Paoletti, E. (2020). Ozone affects plant, insect, and soil microbial communities : a threat to terrestrial ecosystems and biodiversity. Science Advances, 6(33), eabc1176-. doi:10.1126/sciadv.abc1176
Journal: Science Advances
Abstract: Elevated tropospheric ozone concentrations induce adverse effects in plants. We reviewed how ozone affects (i) the composition and diversity of plant communities by affecting key physiological traits; (ii) foliar chemistry and the emission of volatiles, thereby affecting plant-plant competition, plant-insect interactions, and the composition of insect communities; and (iii) plant-soil-microbe interactions and the composition of soil communities by disrupting plant litterfall and altering root exudation, soil enzymatic activities, decomposition, and nutrient cycling. The community composition of soil microbes is consequently changed, and alpha diversity is often reduced. The effects depend on the environment and vary across space and time. We suggest that Atlantic islands in the Northern Hemisphere, the Mediterranean Basin, equatorial Africa, Ethiopia, the Indian coastline, the Himalayan region, southern Asia, and Japan have high endemic richness at high ozone risk by 2100.
ISSN: 2375-2548
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abc1176
Schools: Asian School of the Environment 
Rights: © 2020 The Authors, some rights reserved; exclusive licensee American Association for the Advancement of Science. No claim to original U.S. Government Works. Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial License 4.0 (CC BY-NC).
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:ASE Journal Articles

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