Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10356/145417
Title: In situ fabrication of a titanium-niobium alloy with tailored microstructures, enhanced mechanical properties and biocompatibility by using selective laser melting
Authors: Zhao, Danlei
Han, Changjun
Li, Jingjing
Liu, Jie
Wei, Qingsong
Keywords: Engineering
Issue Date: 2020
Source: Zhao, D., Han, C., Li, J., Liu, J., & Wei, Q. (2020). In situ fabrication of a titanium-niobium alloy with tailored microstructures, enhanced mechanical properties and biocompatibility by using selective laser melting. Materials Science and Engineering: C, 111, 110784-. doi:10.1016/j.msec.2020.110784
Journal: Materials Science and Engineering: C 
Abstract: A titanium-niobium (Ti-Nb) alloy with tailored microstructures, enhanced mechanical properties and biocompatibility was in situ fabricated by selective laser melting (SLM) using a blended powder with 25 wt.% Nb content. The effect of laser energy density from 70 J/mm3 to 110 J/mm3 on the phase transformation, microstructure, and mechanical properties of the SLM-printed Ti-25Nb alloy was investigated. The results indicate that the energy density of 110 J/mm3 results in the highest relative density and homogeneous element distributions in the alloy. The α' and β phases with an orientation relationship of [023]β//[-12-16]α' were identified through X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy, and their proportions are crucially determined by the laser energy density. With an increase in the energy density, the microstructure of the Ti-25Nb alloy varies from acicular-shaped grains to coarsened lath-shaped grains and to lath-shaped grain + cellular-shaped subgrains, due to the decrease in cooling rate and the rise in temperature gradient. The yield strength and microhardness of the printed Ti-25Nb alloy decrease with the increase in energy density from 70 J/mm3 to 100 J/mm3, and then increase to the highest values of 645 MPa and 264 HV at 110 J/mm3, respectively. This variation of mechanical properties is dependent on both the coarsening of α' phase and the formation of β (Ti, Nb) solid solution. Besides, the SLM-printed Ti-25Nb alloy exhibits both the excellent in vitro apatite-forming capability and better cell spread and proliferation compared to pure Ti.
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10356/145417
ISSN: 0928-4931
DOI: 10.1016/j.msec.2020.110784
Rights: © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. This paper was published in Materials Science and Engineering: C and is made available with permission of Elsevier B.V.
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:SC3DP Journal Articles

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