Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Struggling for normality : experiences of patients with diabetic lower extremity amputations and post-amputation wounds in primary care
Authors: Zhu, Xiaoli
Goh, Ling Jia
Chew, Evelyn
Lee, Mary
Bartlam, Bernadette
Dong, Lijuan
Keywords: Science::Medicine
Issue Date: 2020
Source: Zhu, X., Goh, L. J., Chew, E., Lee, M., Bartlam, B., & Dong, L. (2020). Struggling for normality : experiences of patients with diabetic lower extremity amputations and post-amputation wounds in primary care. Primary Health Care Research & Development, 21, e63. doi:10.1017/S146342362000064X
Journal: Primary Health Care Research & Development
Abstract: Aim: To explore the experiences of patients living with diabetic lower extremity amputation (DLEA) and its post-amputation wound in primary care. Background: DLEA, including both minor and major amputation, is a life-altering condition that brings numerous challenges to an individual’s life. Post-amputation physical wound healing is complicated and challenging because of wound dehiscence and prolonged healing times. Understanding patients’ experiences after DLEA with a post-amputation wound will enable healthcare professionals to develop interventions to assist patients in physical healing and psychosocial recovery. Methods: This study employs a qualitative design using interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA). A purposive maximum variation sample of nine patients who had had lower extremity amputations and post-amputation wound attributed to diabetes in the previous 12 months was recruited from a primary care setting in Singapore. Semi-structured audio recorded one-to-one interviews with a duration of 45–60 min each were conducted between September 2018 and January 2019. The interviews were transcribed verbatim and analysed using IPA. Findings: The essential meaning of the phenomenon ‘the lived experiences for patients with DLEA and post-amputated wound’ can be interpreted as ‘struggling for “normality”’ which encompasses four domains of sense making: physical loss disrupted normality, emotional impact aggravated the disrupted normality, social challenges further provoked the disrupted normality, and attempt to regain normality. The study highlights the complex physical and psychosocial transition facing patients after DLEA before post-amputation wound closure. In primary care, an amputation, whether minor or major, is a life-altering experience that requires physical healing, emotional recovery, and social adaptation to regain normality. Patients living with DLEA and a post-amputation wound may benefit from an interdisciplinary team care model to assist them with physical and psychosocial adjustment and resume normality.
ISSN: 1463-4236
DOI: 10.1017/S146342362000064X
Rights: © 2020 The Author(s). This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives licence (, which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is unaltered and is properly cited. The written permission of Cambridge University Press must be obtained for commercial re-use or in order to create a derivative work.
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:LKCMedicine Journal Articles

Citations 50

Updated on Jan 20, 2023

Web of ScienceTM
Citations 50

Updated on Jan 20, 2023

Page view(s)

Updated on Jan 27, 2023

Download(s) 50

Updated on Jan 27, 2023

Google ScholarTM




Items in DR-NTU are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.