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Title: Financial and institutional support are important for large-scale kelp forest restoration
Authors: Eger, Aaron M.
Vergés, Adriana
Choi, Chang Geun
Christie, Hartvig
Coleman, Melinda A.
Fagerli, Camilla W.
Fujita, Daisuke
Hasegawa, Masatoshi
Kim, Jeong Ha
Mayer-Pinto, Mariana
Reed, Dan C.
Steinberg, Peter David
Marzinelli, Ezequiel Miguel
Keywords: Engineering::Maritime studies
Issue Date: 2020
Source: Eger, A. M., Vergés, A., Choi, C. G., Christie, H., Coleman, M. A., Fagerli, C. W., . . . Marzinelli, E. M. (2020). Financial and institutional support are important for large-scale kelp forest restoration. Frontiers in Marine Science, 7, 535277-. doi:10.3389/fmars.2020.535277
Journal: Frontiers in Marine Science 
Abstract: Kelps form extensive underwater forests that underpin valuable ecosystem goods and services in temperate and polar rocky coastlines globally. Stressors, such as ocean warming and pollution are causing regional declines of kelp forests and their associated services worldwide. Kelp forest restoration is becoming a prominent management intervention, but we have little understanding of what drives restoration success at appropriate spatial scales. Though most restoration guidelines stress the importance of planning, stressor mitigation and ecological knowledge, other factors, such as lack of resources or institutional support are rarely discussed despite being potentially critical to achieving desired restoration outcomes. In this paper, we work to understand the importance of finances and institutions in the context of four of the world’s largest kelp restoration projects. These projects span four countries, six kelp genera and were initiated in response to different causes of decline. We argue that to restore kelp at desired scales, adequate financing, and institutional support are critical to overcome ecological and environmental limitations. Acknowledging limitations, we outline ways to mobilize resources and encourage institutions to support kelp restoration.
ISSN: 2296-7745
DOI: 10.3389/fmars.2020.535277
Rights: © 2020 Eger, Vergés, Choi, Christie, Coleman, Fagerli, Fujita, Hasegawa, Kim, Mayer-Pinto, Reed, Steinberg and Marzinelli. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
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