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Title: Restore or redefine : future trajectories for restoration
Authors: Coleman, Melinda Ann
Wood, Georgina
Filbee-Dexter, Karen
Minne, Antoine J. P.
Goold, Hugh Douglas
Vergés, Adriana
Marzinelli, Ezequiel Miguel
Steinberg, Peter David
Wernberg, Thomas
Keywords: Engineering::Maritime studies
Issue Date: 2020
Source: Coleman, M. A., Wood, G., Filbee-Dexter, K., Minne, A. J. P., Goold, H. D., Vergés, A., . . . Wernberg, T. (2020). Restore or redefine : future trajectories for restoration. Frontiers in Marine Science, 7, 237-. doi:10.3389/fmars.2020.00237
Journal: Frontiers in Marine Science 
Abstract: Global habitat deterioration of marine ecosystems has led to a need for active interventions to halt or reverse the loss of ecological function. Restoration has historically been a key tool to reverse habitat loss and restore functions, but the extent to which this will be sufficient under future climates is uncertain. Emerging genetic technologies now provide the ability for restoration to proactively match adaptability of target species to predicted future environmental conditions, which opens up the possibility of boosting resistance to future stress in degraded and threatened habitats. As such, the choice of whether to restore to historical baselines or anticipate the future remains a key decision that will influence restoration success in the face of environmental and climate change. Here, we present an overview of the different motives for restoration – to recover or revive lost or degraded habitats to extant or historical states, or to reinforce or redefine for future conditions. We focus on the genetic and adaptive choices that underpin each option and subsequent consequences for restoration success. These options span a range of possible trajectories, technological advances and societal acceptability, and represent a framework for progressing restoration of marine habitat forming species into the future.
ISSN: 2296-7745
DOI: 10.3389/fmars.2020.00237
Rights: © 2020 Coleman, Wood, Filbee-Dexter, Minne, Goold, Vergés, Marzinelli, Steinberg and Wernberg. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
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