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Title: LiDAR-based multi-task road perception network for autonomous vehicles
Authors: Yan, Fuwu
Wang, Kewei
Zou, Bin
Tang, Luqi
Li, Wenbo
Lv, Chen
Keywords: Engineering::Mechanical engineering
Issue Date: 2020
Source: Yan, F., Wang, K., Zou, B., Tang, L., Li, W., & Lv, C. (2020). LiDAR-based multi-task road perception network for autonomous vehicles. IEEE Access, 8, 86753-86764. doi:10.1109/ACCESS.2020.2993578
Journal: IEEE Access
Abstract: For autonomous vehicles, it is an important requirement to obtain integrate static road information in real-time in dynamic driving environment. A comprehensive perception of the surrounding road should cover the accurate detection of the entire road area despite occlusion, the 3D geometry and the types of road topology in order to facilitate the practical applications in autonomous driving. To this end, we propose a lightweight and efficient LiDAR-based multi-task road perception network (LMRoadNet) to conduct occlusion-free road segmentation, road ground height estimation, and road topology recognition simultaneously. To optimize the proposed network, a corresponding multi-task dataset, named MultiRoad, is built semi-automatically based on the public SemanticKITTI dataset. Specifically, our network architecture uses road segmentation as the main task, and the remaining two tasks are directly decoded on a concentrated 1/4 scale feature map derived from the main task's feature maps of different scales and phases, which significantly reduces the complexity of the overall network while achieves high performance. In addition, a loss function with learnable weight of each task is adopted to train the neural network, which effectively balances the loss of each task and improves performance of the individual tasks. Extensive experiments on the test set show that the proposed network achieves great performance of the three tasks in real-time, outperforms the conventional multi-task architecture and is comparable to the state-of-the-art efficient methods. Finally, a fusion strategy is proposed to combine results on different directions to expand the field of view for practical applications.
ISSN: 2169-3536
DOI: 10.1109/ACCESS.2020.2993578
Rights: © 2020 IEEE. This journal is 100% open access, which means that all content is freely available without charge to users or their institutions. All articles accepted after 12 June 2019 are published under a CC BY 4.0 license, and the author retains copyright. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, as long as proper attribution is given.
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:MAE Journal Articles

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