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Title: Overview of Sino-Tibetan morphosyntax
Authors: LaPolla, Randy J.
Keywords: Humanities::Linguistics
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Routledge
Source: LaPolla, R. J. (2017). Overview of Sino-Tibetan morphosyntax. In G. Thurgood 杜冠明, & R. J. Lapolla 罗仁地 (Eds.), The Sino-Tibetan Languages, Second edition (pp. 40-69). London & New York: Routledge.
Abstract: At the earliest reconstructable stage of the development of the Sino-Tibetan (ST) language family, possibly as much as six thousand years ago (Thurgood 1994),1 the proto-language was monosyllabic. Matisoff (2014) reconstructs the syllable canon as *(P²) (P¹) Ci (G¹) (G²) V (ː) (w/y) (Cf) (s).2 It is not clear whether the prefixes in some or all cases entailed a vocalic element. If so, the structure might have been sesquisyllabic (e.g. as in the name təә̌rùng ‘T’rung/Dulong’, the vocalic element of the təә̌- prefix is very slight). There was no relational morphology (LaPolla 1990, 1992a,b, 1994b, 1995a,b, 2004), but there was derivational morphology in the form of prefixes, suffixes, and voicing alternations of the initial consonants (Wolfenden 1928, 1929; Benedict 1972; Pulleyblank 1962–3, 1972, 1973a,b, 1977–8, 1991, 2000; Bodman 1980; Mei 1980, 1988, 1989, 2012; LaPolla 1994c; Sagart 1999, Sagart & Baxter 2010, 2012; Jin 2008a-b; Gong 2000; Matisoff 2003; Handel 2012). In §1.1 are examples of several types of derivational morphology.3 Sections 1.2-1.5 discuss other aspects of morphosyntax common to all of Sino-Tibetan. Following that are sections that discuss aspects of the morphosyntax unique to Sinitic or Tibeto-Burman.
ISBN: 978-1-138-78332-4
Schools: School of Humanities 
Rights: © 2017 Graham Thurgood and Randy J. LaPolla for selection and editorial matter; individual chapters, the contributors. All rights reserved.
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:SoH Books & Book Chapters

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