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dc.contributor.authorLaPolla, Randy J.en_US
dc.contributor.editorSybesma, Rinten_US
dc.contributor.editorBehr, Wolfgangen_US
dc.contributor.editorGu, Yueguoen_US
dc.contributor.editorHandel, Zeven_US
dc.contributor.editorHuang, James Cheng-Tehen_US
dc.contributor.editorMyers, Jamesen_US
dc.identifier.citationLaPolla, R. J. (2017). Notions of "subject". In R. Sybesma, W. Behr, Y. Gu, Z. Handel, J. C.-T. Huang, & J. Myers (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Chinese Language and Linguistics. Leiden, Boston: BRILL.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe title of this article presupposes there is some global category of all languages called "subject" that we can talk about. Up to the early 1970's that would have been a generally common assumption, though there was much disagreement about and no universal notion of "subject" (Platt 1971; Van Valin 1977, 1981; Foley & Van Valin 1977, 1984; Gary & Keenan 1977; Comrie 1981), though most theories assumed some conception of syntactic functions. The concept of "subject" began with Aristotle's theory of truth, but Aristotle defined subject (Greek hypokeímenon—Latin subject is a translation of this word) as the entity that the proposition is about, i.e. the topic. He did not have a separate term for grammatical subject. This led to centuries of debate about the nature of subject (see Seuren 1998, §2.6.3 for an overview), including attempts to distinguish grammatical subject and psychological subject (e.g. von der Gabelentz 1869:378), the latter essentially topic, and what became "theme" in the Prague School terminology. A third term, "logical subject", was sometimes used, but could be associated with grammatical subject (often now seen as agent) or with psychological subject (particularly in logic), depending on the scholar. Bloomfield (1914:60-61, cited in Seuren 1998:131) used the term "subject" to refer to topics and also to heads of phrases.en_US
dc.rights© 2017 by Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands. All rights reserved. This book is made available with permission of Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands.en_US
dc.titleNotions of "subject"en_US
dc.typeBook Chapteren_US
dc.contributor.schoolSchool of Humanitiesen_US
dc.description.versionAccepted versionen_US
dc.relation.ispartofbookEncyclopedia of Chinese Language and Linguisticsen_US
dc.subject.keywordsChinese Languageen_US
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