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Title: 3D deep learning on medical images : a review
Authors: Singh, Satya P.
Wang, Lipo
Gupta, Sukrit
Goli, Haveesh
Padmanabhan, Parasuraman
Gulyás, Balázs
Keywords: Science::Medicine
Issue Date: 2020
Source: Singh, S. P., Wang, L., Gupta, S., Goli, H., Padmanabhan, P., & Gulyás, B. (2020). 3D deep learning on medical images : a review. Sensors, 20(18), 5097-. doi:10.3390/s20185097
Project: ADH-11/2017-DSAIR 
Journal: Sensors 
Abstract: The rapid advancements in machine learning, graphics processing technologies and the availability of medical imaging data have led to a rapid increase in the use of deep learning models in the medical domain. This was exacerbated by the rapid advancements in convolutional neural network (CNN) based architectures, which were adopted by the medical imaging community to assist clinicians in disease diagnosis. Since the grand success of AlexNet in 2012, CNNs have been increasingly used in medical image analysis to improve the efficiency of human clinicians. In recent years, three-dimensional (3D) CNNs have been employed for the analysis of medical images. In this paper, we trace the history of how the 3D CNN was developed from its machine learning roots, we provide a brief mathematical description of 3D CNN and provide the preprocessing steps required for medical images before feeding them to 3D CNNs. We review the significant research in the field of 3D medical imaging analysis using 3D CNNs (and its variants) in different medical areas such as classification, segmentation, detection and localization. We conclude by discussing the challenges associated with the use of 3D CNNs in the medical imaging domain (and the use of deep learning models in general) and possible future trends in the field.
ISSN: 1424-8220
DOI: 10.3390/s20185097
Schools: Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine (LKCMedicine) 
School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering 
School of Computer Science and Engineering 
Organisations: Cognitive Neuroimaging Centre
Rights: © 2020 the Author(s). Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution(CC BY) license (
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:LKCMedicine Journal Articles

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