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Title: Fast 3D movement of a laser focusing spot behind scattering media by utilizing optical memory effect and optical conjugate planes
Authors: Tran, Vinh
Sahoo, Sujit Kumar
Dang, Cuong
Keywords: Engineering::Electrical and electronic engineering
Issue Date: 2019
Source: Tran, V., Sahoo, S. K., & Dang, C. (2019). Fast 3D movement of a laser focusing spot behind scattering media by utilizing optical memory effect and optical conjugate planes. Scientific Reports, 9(1), 19507-. doi:10.1038/s41598-019-56214-3
Project: MOE2017-T1-002-142
Journal: Scientific Reports 
Abstract: Controlling light propagation intentionally through turbid media such as ground glass or biological tissue has been demonstrated for many useful applications. Due to random scattering effect, one of the important goals is to draw a desired shape behind turbid media with a swift and precise method. Feedback wavefront shaping method which is known as a very effective approach to focus the light, is restricted by slow optimization process for obtaining multiple spots. Here we propose a technique to implement feedback wavefront shaping with optical memory effect and optical 4f system to speedy move focus spot and form shapes in 3D space behind scattering media. Starting with only one optimization process to achieve a focusing spot, the advantages of the optical configuration and full digital control allow us to move the focus spot with high quality at the speed of SLM frame rate. Multiple focusing spots can be achieved simultaneously by combining multiple phase patterns on a single SLM. By inheriting the phase patterns in the initial focusing process, we can enhance the intensity of the focusing spot at the edge of memory effect in with 50% reduction in optimization time. With a new focusing spot, we have two partially overlapped memory effect regions, expanding our 3D scanning range. With fast wavefront shaping devices, our proposed technique could potentially find appealing applications with biological tissues.
ISSN: 2045-2322
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-56214-3
Rights: © 2019 The Author(s). This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
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