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Title: Investigation of a Bragg grating-based Fabry-Perot structure inscribed using femtosecond laser micromachining in an adiabatic fiber taper
Authors: Madan, Aayush
Yap, Stephanie Hui Kit
Paulose, Varghese
Chang, Wonkeun
Shum, Perry Ping
Hao, Jianzhong
Keywords: Engineering::Electrical and electronic engineering
Issue Date: 2020
Source: Madan, A., Yap, S. H. K., Paulose, V., Chang, W., Shum, P. P., & Hao, J. (2020). Investigation of a Bragg Grating-Based Fabry–Perot Structure Inscribed Using Femtosecond Laser Micromachining in an Adiabatic Fiber Taper. Applied Sciences, 10(3), 1069-. doi:10.3390/app10031069
Journal: Applied Sciences
Abstract: This paper presents the fabrication of a fiber Bragg grating (FBG)-based Fabry-Perot (FP) structure (7 mm total length) in an adiabatic fiber taper, investigates its strain and temperature characteristics, and compares the sensing characteristics with a standard polyimide coated FBG sensor. Firstly, a simulation of the said structure is presented, followed by the fabrication of an adiabatic fiber taper having the outer diameter reduced to 70 μm (core diameter to 4.7 μm). Next, the sensing structure, composed of two identical uniform FBG spaced apart by a small gap, is directly inscribed point-by-point using infrared femtosecond laser (fs-laser) micromachining. Lastly, the strain and temperature behavior for a range up to 3400 με and 225 °C, respectively, are investigated for the fabricated sensor and the FBG, and compared. The fabricated sensor attains a higher strain sensitivity (2.32 pm/με) than the FBG (0.73 pm/με), while both the sensors experience similar sensitivity to temperature (8.85 pm/°C). The potential applications of such sensors include continuous health monitoring where precise strain detection is required.
ISSN: 2076-3417
DOI: 10.3390/app10031069
Rights: © 2020 The Authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution(CC BY) license (
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:EEE Journal Articles

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