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dc.contributor.authorJoseph, Akhilen_US
dc.contributor.authorBalachandra, Patilen_US
dc.identifier.citationJoseph, A., & Balachandra, P. (2020). Energy Internet, the Future Electricity System: Overview, Concept, Model Structure, and Mechanism. Energies, 13(16), 4242-. doi:10.3390/en13164242en_US
dc.description.abstractEnergy Internet, a futuristic evolution of electricity system, is conceptualized as an energy sharing network. Its features, such as plug-and-play mechanism, real-time bidirectional flow of energy, information, and money can lead to significant benefits and innovation in electricity production and utilization. Energy Internet integrates small-scale renewable energy systems, electric loads, storage devices, and electric vehicles for effective transaction of power backed by emerging technologies such as Internet of Things, vehicle-to-grid, and blockchain. At present, there is no scaled-up working model of Energy Internet, and literature is scarce, which makes the research in this domain significant, novel, and timely. Given this, an attempt is made to develop the conceptual model of an Energy Internet, elaborate its structure and components, and discuss its operational principles. First, a comprehensive overview of Energy Internet is presented along with its aptness as a future evolution of electricity system. Second, concepts, architectures, and features that underpin Energy Internet are outlined. Third, concept of ‘Energy Intranet’ is introduced to denote the scaled-down version of Energy Internet, which embodies energy prosumers and local energy markets to form a local energy cluster. Finally, discussion is presented on the network structure of Energy Internet, relevance of emerging technologies and innovative operational mechanisms.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipNanyang Technological Universityen_US
dc.rights© 2020 The Authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution(CC BY) license (
dc.subjectEngineering::Electrical and electronic engineeringen_US
dc.titleEnergy internet, the future electricity system : overview, concept, model structure, and mechanismen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen
dc.contributor.organizationExperimental Power Grid Centreen_US
dc.contributor.researchEnergy Research Institute @ NTU (ERI@N)en_US
dc.description.versionPublished versionen_US
dc.subject.keywordsSmart Griden_US
dc.subject.keywordsEnergy Interneten_US
dc.description.acknowledgementThe authors would like to thank Experimental Power Grid Centre (EPGC), Energy ResearchInstitute @ NTU, Singapore, for the financial supporten_US
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