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Title: Dynamics of light-matter coupled quasiparticles
Authors: Mandal, Subhaskar
Keywords: Science::Physics::Optics and light
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: Nanyang Technological University
Source: Mandal, S. (2020). Dynamics of light-matter coupled quasiparticles. Doctoral thesis, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
Abstract: Our world is made of light and matter. While light can travel very fast, it interacts very weakly. On the other hand, matter interacts very strongly but travels very slowly. The combination of light and matter can give rise to fascinating effects, which light or matter alone cannot show. Dressed electrons and exciton-polaritons are examples of such light-matter coupled systems where the matter is dressed by light to form new quasi-particles with unique properties. In chapters 2 and 3 of the thesis, we investigate the dressed electrons inside a quantum well and predict that such a system can be used to generate terahertz (THz) waves. This is particularly interesting due to the absence of THz bandgaps in state-of-the-art QWs and it is only because of the dressing field that such a band gap opens up. In chapters 4 and 5 of the thesis, we introduce schemes to obtain robust propagation of exciton-polaritons. Exciton-polaritons are predicted to play an important role in future optoelectronic devices. However, to realize complete devices, robust propagation of polaritons between different components is essential. We predict that the inherent nonlinear nature of the polaritons gives rise to antichiral edge states in a honeycomb lattice strip, where polaritons propagate robustly through both edges of the strip in the same direction. Next, using the naturally present spin-orbit coupling in the microcavity along with the external magnetic field, feedback-free robust propagation of polaritons with a particular spin is also predicted. These results are motivated by the recent advance of topological photonics, although we will focus on non-topological systems. We find that in some cases there are trade-offs between having non-trivial or trivial topology in which even topologically trivial systems can partially display desirable effects, more commonly associated with topological systems while having other advantages such as accessibility in light-matter coupled systems.
DOI: 10.32657/10356/146607
Rights: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0).
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:SPMS Theses

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