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Title: Guide-evacuee-obstacle interaction enabled evacuation dynamics from school facilities : analysis and simulation
Authors: Wang, Ke
Keywords: Engineering::Civil engineering::Transportation
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: Nanyang Technological University
Source: Wang, K.(2020). Guide-evacuee-obstacle interaction enabled evacuation dynamics from school facilities : analysis and simulation. Doctoral thesis, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
Abstract: Emergency evacuation is a challenging issue due to scarcity of real-case data, complexity of human behaviours, and context-dependency nature. This study is thus especially focused on the behaviour analysis and the modelling of evacuation process in the school context. Two folds of works have been conducted: 1) proposing a cost-effective analytical framework to reuse existing data with machine learning methods like decision tree, support vector machine, K-nearest neighbour and artificial neural network. Applied to stepwise movement pattern analysis, this framework is found to be robust and handy. 2) establishing a holistic evacuation model considering “guide-evacuee-obstacle” interaction in school facilities. The developed model incorporates strategic (evacuation initialization), tactical (route choice), and operational level (stepwise movement) behaviours, which serves as a tool to find behaviour optimisation and layout design strategies at each phase of the evacuation. Findings from this study would hopefully benefit academic research and practical applications in emergency evacuations.
DOI: 10.32657/10356/146644
Rights: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0).
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:CEE Theses

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