Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10356/146646
Title: Annual phytoplankton dynamics in coastal waters from Fildes Bay, Western Antarctic Peninsula
Authors: Trefault, Nicole
De la Iglesia, Rodrigo
Moreno-Pino, Mario
Lopes dos Santos, Adriana
Gérikas Ribeiro, Catherine
Parada-Pozo, Génesis
Cristi, Antonia
Marie, Dominique
Vaulot, Daniel
Keywords: Engineering::Environmental engineering
Issue Date: 2021
Source: Trefault, N., De la Iglesia, R., Moreno-Pino, M., Lopes dos Santos, A., Gérikas Ribeiro, C., Parada-Pozo, G., . . . Vaulot, D. (2021). Annual phytoplankton dynamics in coastal waters from Fildes Bay, Western Antarctic Peninsula. Scientific Reports, 11(1), 1368-. doi:10.1038/s41598-020-80568-8
Project: RG26/19
Journal: Scientific Reports 
Abstract: Year-round reports of phytoplankton dynamics in the West Antarctic Peninsula are rare and mainly limited to microscopy and/or pigment-based studies. We analyzed the phytoplankton community from coastal waters of Fildes Bay in the West Antarctic Peninsula between January 2014 and 2015 using metabarcoding of the nuclear and plastidial 18/16S rRNA gene from both size-fractionated and flow cytometry sorted samples. Overall 14 classes of photosynthetic eukaryotes were present in our samples with the following dominating: Bacillariophyta (diatoms), Pelagophyceae and Dictyochophyceae for division Ochrophyta, Mamiellophyceae and Pyramimonadophyceae for division Chlorophyta, Haptophyta and Cryptophyta. Each metabarcoding approach yielded a different image of the phytoplankton community with for example Prymnesiophyceae more prevalent in plastidial metabarcodes and Mamiellophyceae in nuclear ones. Diatoms were dominant in the larger size fractions and during summer, while Prymnesiophyceae and Cryptophyceae were dominant in colder seasons. Pelagophyceae were particularly abundant towards the end of autumn (May). In addition of Micromonas polaris and Micromonas sp. clade B3, both previously reported in Arctic waters, we detected a new Micromonas 18S rRNA sequence signature, close to, but clearly distinct from M. polaris, which potentially represents a new clade specific of the Antarctic. These results highlight the need for complementary strategies as well as the importance of year-round monitoring for a comprehensive description of phytoplankton communities in Antarctic coastal waters.
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10356/146646
ISSN: 2045-2322
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-80568-8
Rights: © 2021 The Author(s). This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
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