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dc.contributor.authorKench, Paul S.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMcLean, Roger F.en_US
dc.contributor.authorOwen, Susan D.en_US
dc.contributor.authorRyan, Emmaen_US
dc.contributor.authorMorgan, Kyle Meredithen_US
dc.contributor.authorKe, Linen_US
dc.contributor.authorWang, Xianfengen_US
dc.contributor.authorRoy, Kevenen_US
dc.identifier.citationKench, P. S., McLean, R. F., Owen, S. D., Ryan, E., Morgan, K. M., Ke, L., . . . Roy, K. (2020). Climate-forced sea-level lowstands in the Indian Ocean during the last two millennia. Nature Geoscience, 13(1), 61-64. doi:10.1038/s41561-019-0503-7en_US
dc.description.abstractSea-level reconstructions over the past two millennia provide a pre-industrial context to assess whether the magnitude and rate of modern sea-level change is unprecedented. Sea-level records from the Indian Ocean over the past 2,000 years are sparse, while records from the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans show variations less than 0.25 m and no significant negative excursions. Here, we present evidence of two low sea-level phases in the Maldives, Indian Ocean, based on fossil coral microatolls. Microatoll growth is constrained by low water levels and, consequently, they are robust recorders of past sea level. U–Th dating of the Maldivian corals identified lowstands at ad 234–605 and ad 1481–1807 when sea level fell to maximum depths of −0.88 m and −0.89 m respectively. These lowstands are synchronous with reductions in radiative forcing and sea surface temperature associated with the Late Antiquity Little Ice Age and the Little Ice Age. Our results provide high-fidelity observations of lower sea levels during these cool periods and show rates of change of up to 4.24 mm yr−1. Our data also confirm the acceleration of relative sea-level rise over the past two centuries and suggest that the current magnitude and rate of sea-level rise is not unprecedented.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipNational Research Foundation (NRF)en_US
dc.relation.ispartofNature Geoscienceen_US
dc.rights© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Limited. All rights reserved. This paper was published in Nature Geoscience and is made available with permission of The Author(s).en_US
dc.subjectEngineering::Environmental engineeringen_US
dc.titleClimate-forced sea-level lowstands in the Indian Ocean during the last two millenniaen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen
dc.contributor.schoolAsian School of the Environmenten_US
dc.contributor.researchEarth Observatory of Singaporeen_US
dc.description.versionAccepted versionen_US
dc.subject.keywordsOcean Sciencesen_US
dc.description.acknowledgementWe thank LaMer Group and the Small Island Research Centre, Fares-Maathodaa, Huvadhoo atoll for logistical support, Government of the Maldives for research permission and A. Vila-Concejo, E. Beetham and T. Turner for field assistance. X.W. acknowledges funding support from the National Research Foundation of Singapore (grant nos. NRF2017NRF-NSFC001-047 and NRF-NRFF2011-08) and the Earth Observatory of Singapore.en_US
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