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dc.contributor.authorEsposito, Gianlucaen_US
dc.contributor.authorRaghunath, Bindiya Lakshmien_US
dc.contributor.authorAzhari, Atiqahen_US
dc.contributor.authorSetoh, Peipeien_US
dc.contributor.authorBornstein, Marc H.en_US
dc.identifier.citationEsposito, G., Raghunath, B. L., Azhari, A., Setoh, P., & Bornstein, M. H. (2021). Predicting mother and child emotional availability in Singaporean bilingual English and Mandarin dyads : a multilevel approach to the specificity principle. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 73, 101241-. doi:10.1016/j.appdev.2021.101241en_US
dc.description.abstractWhen interacting with one another, bilingual caregivers and their young bilingual children can switch from one language to another to convey emotion and information in meaningful ways. The Specificity Principle (Bornstein, 2017) states that specific setting conditions affect specific outcomes in specific ways in specific individuals at specific times. Here we tested three constituents of the Specificity Principle: We evaluated how the language used in interaction (setting condition) differentially affects different dimensions of emotional availability (outcomes) in mothers and children (individuals). Twenty-six Singaporean English-Mandarin bilingual mother-child dyads (Mother M age = 33 years; Child M age = 19 months) participated in two counterbalanced play sessions, one exclusively in English and one exclusively in Mandarin. Using recursive-partitioning analyses, we assessed (i) how child language dominance, dimensions of maternal emotional availability, and mother-child physiological synchrony accounted for dimensions of child emotional availability and (ii) how child language dominance, child emotional availability, and mother-child physiological synchrony accounted for overall maternal emotional availability. In agreement with predictions from the Specificity Principle, our results show that different predictors of different dimensions of child and mother emotional availability differ according to whether the mother interacted with her child in the child's dominant or non-dominant language. The findings suggest that language specificity influences the quality of mother-child interactions.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipMinistry of Education (MOE)en_US
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Applied Developmental Psychologyen_US
dc.rights© 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. This paper was published in Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology and is made available with permission of Elsevier Inc.en_US
dc.subjectSocial sciences::Psychologyen_US
dc.titlePredicting mother and child emotional availability in Singaporean bilingual English and Mandarin dyads : a multilevel approach to the specificity principleen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen
dc.contributor.schoolSchool of Social Sciencesen_US
dc.contributor.schoolLee Kong Chian School of Medicine (LKCMedicine)en_US
dc.contributor.organizationDepartment of Psychology and Cognitive Science, University of Trento, Rovereto, TN, Italyen_US
dc.contributor.organizationEunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USAen_US
dc.contributor.organizationUNICEF, New York City, NY, USAen_US
dc.contributor.organizationInstitutes for Fiscal Studies, London, United Kingdomen_US
dc.description.versionAccepted versionen_US
dc.subject.keywordsMother-child Emotional Availabilityen_US
dc.subject.keywordsHRV Synchronyen_US
dc.description.acknowledgementThis research was supported by the Nanyang Technological University NAP SUG Grant (GE), Singapore Ministry of Education’s Academic Research Fund Tier 1 (GE;PS), Social Science Research Thematic Grant (MOE2016- SSRTG-017, PS), Intramural Research Program of the NIH/NICHD, USA, (MHB) and an International Research Fellowship at the Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS), London, UK, funded by the European Research Council (ERC) under the Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (grant agreement No 695300-HKADeC-ERC-2015-AdG, MHB).en_US
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