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Title: A constant pool of Lgr5+ intestinal stem cells is required for intestinal homeostasis
Authors: Tan, Si Hui
Phuah, Phyllis
Tan, Liang Thing
Yada, Swathi
Goh, Jasmine
Tomaz, Lucian B.
Chua, Magdalene
Wong, Esther
Lee, Bernett
Barker, Nick
Keywords: Science::Biological sciences
Issue Date: 2021
Source: Tan, S. H., Phuah, P., Tan, L. T., Yada, S., Goh, J., Tomaz, L. B., Chua, M., Wong, E., Lee, B. & Barker, N. (2021). A constant pool of Lgr5+ intestinal stem cells is required for intestinal homeostasis. Cell Reports, 34(4).
Project: NRF-NRF12017-03
Journal: Cell Reports
Abstract: Lgr5+ crypt base columnar cells, the operational intestinal stem cells (ISCs), are thought to be dispensable for small intestinal (SI) homeostasis. Using a Lgr5-2A-DTR (diphtheria toxin receptor) model, which ablates Lgr5+ cells with near-complete efficiency and retains endogenous levels of Lgr5 expression, we show that persistent depletion of Lgr5+ ISCs in fact compromises SI epithelial integrity and reduces epithelial turnover in vivo. In vitro, Lgr5-2A-DTR SI organoids are unable to establish or survive when Lgr5+ ISCs are continuously eliminated by adding DT to the media. However, transient exposure to DT at the start of culture allows organoids to form, and the rate of outgrowth reduces with the increasing length of DT presence. Our results indicate that intestinal homeostasis requires a constant pool of Lgr5+ ISCs, which is supplied by rapidly reprogrammed non-Lgr5+ crypt populations when preexisting Lgr5+ ISCs are ablated.
ISSN: 2211-1247
DOI: 10.1016/j.celrep.2020.108633
Rights: © 2020 The Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:LKCMedicine Journal Articles

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