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Title: Carbon–metal compound composite electrodes for capacitive deionization : synthesis, development and applications
Authors: Tang, Kexin
Hong, Terence Zhi Xiang
You, Liming
Zhou, Kun
Keywords: Engineering::Environmental engineering
Issue Date: 2019
Source: Tang, K., Hong, T. Z. X., You, L. & Zhou, K. (2019). Carbon–metal compound composite electrodes for capacitive deionization : synthesis, development and applications. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 7(47), 26693-26743.
Journal: Journal of Materials Chemistry A
Abstract: Capacitive deionization (CDI) is an emerging desalination technology that utilizes the capacitive properties (electrical double-layered capacitance, redox or ion intercalation pseudocapacitance) of electrodes to remove ions. A key challenge of CDI technology is the development of electrodes for the desalination of high concentration solutions at low energy levels. This requires electrodes to have a large desalination capacity, high charge efficiency and long-term stability. However, the development of pristine carbon materials has hit a bottleneck due to their structural properties (e.g., limited surface area) and adsorption mechanism (i.e., electrosorption). In contrast, metal compounds (especially transition metal compounds) have received increasing attention due to their dielectric property, redox activity or ion selectivity. This study comprehensively reviews the use of carbon–metal composites as electrodes for efficient CDI desalination, mainly with respect to their design strategies, synthesis, structural and electrochemical properties and desalination performance, and the roles that the metal compounds play in altering the structure and properties of their carbon composites. Some future directions, particularly pertaining to the use of simulation to accelerate CDI development, as well as the concerns of working with complex feed solutions, are put forward for attaining the goal of implementing CDI technology for seawater desalination.
ISSN: 2050-7488
DOI: 10.1039/C9TA08663C
Rights: © 2019 Royal Society of Chemistry. All rights reserved.
Fulltext Permission: none
Fulltext Availability: No Fulltext
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