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dc.contributor.authorSamuel, Millaen_US
dc.identifier.citationSamuel, M. (2021). FGSM attacks on traffic light recognition of the apollo autonomous driving system. Final Year Project (FYP), Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
dc.description.abstractAutonomous vehicles rely on Autonomous Driving Systems (ADS) to control the car without human intervention. The ADS uses multiple sensors cameras to perceive the environment around the vehicle. These perception systems rely on machine learning models which are susceptible to adversarial attacks, in which a model’s input is intercepted and perturbations are added, causing models to make wrong predictions with very high confidence. We attempted the Fast Gradient Sign Method (FGSM) adversarial attack on the traffic light recognition module of the Baidu Apollo ADS in normal, bright, rainy and foggy conditions to test the robustness of the system against white-box adversarial attacks. While the model performed well against attacks in normal conditions, multiple attacks were able to fool the model to predict the wrong class with high confidence using almost imperceptible perturbations in bright and rainy conditions. This exposes a vulnerability of the Apollo system, in which the FGSM attack managed to exploit the linearity of the traffic light recognition model as well as pass through all the safeguards that Apollo had in place.en_US
dc.publisherNanyang Technological Universityen_US
dc.subjectEngineering::Computer science and engineering::Computing methodologies::Artificial intelligenceen_US
dc.titleFGSM attacks on traffic light recognition of the apollo autonomous driving systemen_US
dc.typeFinal Year Project (FYP)en_US
dc.contributor.supervisorTan Ruien_US
dc.contributor.schoolSchool of Computer Science and Engineeringen_US
dc.description.degreeBachelor of Engineering Science (Computer Science)en_US
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Appears in Collections:SCSE Student Reports (FYP/IA/PA/PI)
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