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dc.contributor.authorSarica, Gizem Mestaven_US
dc.contributor.authorZhu, Tingeren_US
dc.contributor.authorPan, Tso-Chienen_US
dc.identifier.citationSarica, G. M., Zhu, T. & Pan, T. (2020). Spatio-temporal dynamics in seismic exposure of Asian megacities : past, present and future. Environmental Research Letters, 15(9).
dc.description.abstractThe estimation of urban growth in megacities is a critical and intricate task for researchers and decision-makers owing to the complexity of these urban systems. Currently, the majority of megacities are located in Asia which is one of the most disaster-prone regions in the world. The high concentrations of people, infrastructure and assets in megacities create high loss potentials for natural hazards; therefore, the forecasting of exposure metrics such as built-up area is crucial for disaster risk assessment. This study aims to identify and project the dynamics of built-up area at risk using a spatio-temporal approach considering seismic hazard in three Asian megacities, namely Jakarta, Metro Manila and Istanbul. First, Landsat Thematic Mapper images were processed to obtain the built-up areas of 1995 and 2016 for Metro Manila, and of 1995 and 2018 for Jakarta and Istanbul. The SLEUTH urban growth model, a cellular automaton (CA)-based spatial model that simulates urban growth using historical geospatial data, was then employed to predict the urban growth of these megacities by 2030. Finally, seismic hazard maps obtained for 10% and 2% probabilities of exceedance were overlaid with built-up area maps. For a seismic hazard of 10% probability of exceedance in 50 years, the total urban area subjected to Modified Mercalli intensities (MMI) VIII and IX has increased nearly 65% over 35 years in Metro Manila. For Jakarta and Istanbul, the total urban area at the MMI VIII level has increased nearly 79% and 54% over 35 years, respectively. For a seismic hazard of 2% probability of exceedance in 50 years, the total urban area subjected to MMI IX has increased nearly 75%, 65% and 49% over 35 years in Jakarta, Metro Manila and Istanbul, respectively. The results show that urban growth modelling can be utilized to assess the built-up area exposed to high risk as well as to plan urban growth considering natural hazards in megacities.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipNanyang Technological Universityen_US
dc.relation.ispartofEnvironmental Research Lettersen_US
dc.rights© 2020 The Author(s). Original content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.en_US
dc.subjectEngineering::Civil engineeringen_US
dc.titleSpatio-temporal dynamics in seismic exposure of Asian megacities : past, present and futureen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen
dc.contributor.schoolSchool of Civil and Environmental Engineeringen_US
dc.contributor.schoolInterdisciplinary Graduate School (IGS)en_US
dc.contributor.researchInstitute of Catastrophe Risk Management (ICRM)en_US
dc.description.versionPublished versionen_US
dc.subject.keywordsSeismic Risk Assessmenten_US
dc.description.acknowledgementThis work was funded by the Instituteof Catastrophe Risk Management, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.en_US
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