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Title: Spatio-temporal dynamics in seismic exposure of Asian megacities : past, present and future
Authors: Sarica, Gizem Mestav
Zhu, Tinger
Pan, Tso-Chien
Keywords: Engineering::Civil engineering
Issue Date: 2020
Source: Sarica, G. M., Zhu, T. & Pan, T. (2020). Spatio-temporal dynamics in seismic exposure of Asian megacities : past, present and future. Environmental Research Letters, 15(9).
Journal: Environmental Research Letters
Abstract: The estimation of urban growth in megacities is a critical and intricate task for researchers and decision-makers owing to the complexity of these urban systems. Currently, the majority of megacities are located in Asia which is one of the most disaster-prone regions in the world. The high concentrations of people, infrastructure and assets in megacities create high loss potentials for natural hazards; therefore, the forecasting of exposure metrics such as built-up area is crucial for disaster risk assessment. This study aims to identify and project the dynamics of built-up area at risk using a spatio-temporal approach considering seismic hazard in three Asian megacities, namely Jakarta, Metro Manila and Istanbul. First, Landsat Thematic Mapper images were processed to obtain the built-up areas of 1995 and 2016 for Metro Manila, and of 1995 and 2018 for Jakarta and Istanbul. The SLEUTH urban growth model, a cellular automaton (CA)-based spatial model that simulates urban growth using historical geospatial data, was then employed to predict the urban growth of these megacities by 2030. Finally, seismic hazard maps obtained for 10% and 2% probabilities of exceedance were overlaid with built-up area maps. For a seismic hazard of 10% probability of exceedance in 50 years, the total urban area subjected to Modified Mercalli intensities (MMI) VIII and IX has increased nearly 65% over 35 years in Metro Manila. For Jakarta and Istanbul, the total urban area at the MMI VIII level has increased nearly 79% and 54% over 35 years, respectively. For a seismic hazard of 2% probability of exceedance in 50 years, the total urban area subjected to MMI IX has increased nearly 75%, 65% and 49% over 35 years in Jakarta, Metro Manila and Istanbul, respectively. The results show that urban growth modelling can be utilized to assess the built-up area exposed to high risk as well as to plan urban growth considering natural hazards in megacities.
ISSN: 1748-9318
DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/ababc7
Schools: School of Civil and Environmental Engineering 
Interdisciplinary Graduate School (IGS) 
Research Centres: Institute of Catastrophe Risk Management (ICRM) 
Rights: © 2020 The Author(s). Original content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
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