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Title: Cultural adaptation of a patient decision-aid for insulin therapy
Authors: Tan, Ngiap Chuan
Koong, Agnes Ying Leng
Phoon, Ian Kwong Yun
Wang, Sinead Zhen
Muthulakshmi, Paulpandi
Lee, Yew Kong
Furler, John
Car, Josip
Ng, Chirk Jenn
Keywords: Science::Medicine
Issue Date: 2020
Source: Tan, N. C., Koong, A. Y. L., Phoon, I. K. Y., Wang, S. Z., Muthulakshmi, P., Lee, Y. K., Furler, J., Car, J. & Ng, C. J. (2020). Cultural adaptation of a patient decision-aid for insulin therapy. BMJ Open, 10(3).
Project: NMRC/HSRG/0082/2017
Journal: BMJ Open
Abstract: Introduction: Patient decision-aids (PDAs) support patients in selecting evidence-based treatment options. PDA is useful only if the user understands the content to make personalised decisions. Cultural adaptation is a process of adjusting health messages so that the information is accurate, relevant and understandable to users from a different population. A PDA has been developed to assist Malaysian patients with secondary drug failure to initiate insulin therapy to control their type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Likewise, patients with T2DM in neighbouring Singapore face similar barriers in commencing insulin treatment, which a PDA may facilitate decision-making in selecting personalised therapy. Objective: The study aimed to explore the views and perceptions of Singaporean primary care providers on the Malaysia PDA to initiate insulin therapy and described the cultural adaptation process used in the design and development of a new PDA, which would be trialled in a Singapore primary healthcare institution. Method: Qualitative research method was deployed to conduct one-to-one in-depth interviews of the healthcare providers at the trial site (SingHealth Polyclinics—SHP), including six primary care physicians and four nurses to gather their views and feedbacks on the Malaysian PDA. The interviews were transcribed, audited and analysed (standard content analysis) to identify themes relating to the content, layout, concerns of the original PDA and suggestions to the design of the new SHP PDA. Results: Cultural adaptation of the new PDA includes change to the overall design, graphics (including pictograms), presentation styles, additional contextualised content (personalisation, subheadings, cost and treatment option), modified phrasing of the subtitles and concerns (choice of words) relevant to the new users. Conclusion: A PDA on insulin therapy underwent cultural adaptation before its implementation in another population in a neighbouring country. Its relevance and effectiveness will be evaluated in future research.
ISSN: 2044-6055
DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-033791
Rights: © 2020 The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited, appropriate credit is given, any changes made indicated, and the use is non-commercial. See:
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:LKCMedicine Journal Articles

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