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|Title:||How varying CD4 criteria for treatment initiation was associated with mortality of HIV-patients? A retrospective analysis of electronic health records from Andhra Pradesh, India||Authors:||Bajpai, Ram
Chaturvedi, Himanshu K.
|Keywords:||Science::Medicine||Issue Date:||2020||Source:||Bajpai, R., Chaturvedi, H. K. & Car, J. (2020). How varying CD4 criteria for treatment initiation was associated with mortality of HIV-patients? A retrospective analysis of electronic health records from Andhra Pradesh, India. Journal of Global Health, 10(1), 010408-. https://dx.doi.org/10.7189/jogh.10.010408||Journal:||Journal of Global Health||Abstract:||Background: HIV treatment and care services were scaled up in 2007 in India with objective to increase HIV-care coverage. CD4 count based criteria was mainly used for treatment initiation with increasing threshold in later years. Therefore, this paper aimed to evaluate the survival by varying CD4 criteria for antiretroviral treatment (ART) initiation among of HIV-positive patients, and independent factors associated with the mortality. Methods: This retrospective cohort study included 127 949 HIV-positive patients aged ≥15 years, who initiated ART between 2007 and 2013 in Andhra Pradesh state, India. The patient’s demographic and clinical characteristics were extracted from the patient’s health records from electronic Computerized Management Information System Software (CMIS). Incidence of mortality/100 person-years was calculated for CD4 and treatment initiation categories. Kaplan-Meier and multivariable Cox-regression analyses were used to explore the association. Results: Median CD4 count was 172 (inter-quartile range (IQR) = 102-240) at the time of treatment initiation, and 19.3% of them had ≤ 100 CD4 count. Incidence of mortality for the period 2007-08 (CD4 ≤ 200 cells/mm3) was 8.5/100 person-years compared to 6.4/100 person-years at risk for the period 2012 on-wards (CD4 ≤ 350 cells/mm3). Earlier thresholds for treatment initiation showed higher risk of mortality (2007-08 (CD4 ≤ 200 cells/mm3), adjusted hazard ratio (HR): 1.86, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.68-2.07; 2009-11 (CD4 ≤ 250 cells/mm3), HR = 1.67, 95% CI = 1.51-1.85) compared to 2012 onwards (CD4 ≤ 350 cells/mm3) criteria for treatment initiation. Conclusions: Increasing CD4 threshold for treatment initiation over time was independently associated with lower risk of mortality. More efforts are required to detect and treat early, monitoring of follow-ups, promote health education to improve ART adherence, and provide supportive environment that encourages HIV-infected patients to disclose their HIV status in confidence.||URI:||https://hdl.handle.net/10356/148624||ISSN:||2047-2978||DOI:||10.7189/jogh.10.010408||Rights:||© 2020 The Author(s). JoGH © 2020 ISGH. All rights reserved. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.||Fulltext Permission:||open||Fulltext Availability:||With Fulltext|
|Appears in Collections:||LKCMedicine Journal Articles|
Updated on May 24, 2022
Updated on May 24, 2022
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