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Title: External fields for the fabrication of highly mineralized hierarchical architectures
Authors: Le Ferrand, Hortense
Keywords: Engineering::Materials
Issue Date: 2019
Source: Le Ferrand, H. (2019). External fields for the fabrication of highly mineralized hierarchical architectures. Journal of Materials Research, 34(1), 169-193.
Journal: Journal of Materials Research
Abstract: Despite lower hardness, stiffness, and resistance to harsh environments, heavy metallic parts and soft polymer-based composites are often preferred to ceramics because they offer higher resilience. By contrast, highly mineralized biomaterials combine these properties through hierarchical and heterogeneous architecture. Reproducing these internal designs into synthetic highly mineralized materials would therefore widen their range of application. To this aim, external fields have been used to control the orientation and position of microparticles and build complex architectures. This approach is compatible with most manufacturing processes and provides large flexibility in design. Here, I present an overview of these processes and describe how they can augment the properties of the materials produced. Theoretical and experimental descriptions are detailed to determine the strengths and limitations of each technique. With this knowledge, potential areas of improvement and future research directions will lead to the creation of highly mineralized materials with unprecedented functionalities.
ISSN: 0884-2914
DOI: 10.1557/jmr.2018.304
Schools: School of Materials Science and Engineering 
Rights: © 2018 Materials Research Society. This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (, which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:MSE Journal Articles

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