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dc.contributor.authorChan, Sarah Hian Mayen_US
dc.contributor.authorQiu, Linen_US
dc.contributor.authorEsposito, Gianlucaen_US
dc.contributor.authorMai, Ky Phongen_US
dc.identifier.citationChan, S. H. M., Qiu, L., Esposito, G. & Mai, K. P. (2021). Vertical greenery buffers against stress : evidence from psychophysiological responses in virtual reality. Landscape and Urban Planning, 213, 104127-.
dc.description.abstractVertical greenery has been increasingly adopted in high-density cities to create greenspace above-ground. However, little is known about the psychophysiological effects of vertical greenery. This research used virtual reality to examine the stress-buffering effects of vertical greenery. A total of 111 participants were randomly assigned to walk in a street with buildings covered in green plants (plant condition) or green color (color condition), while simultaneously being exposed to heavy traffic noise (stressor). Results show no changes in pre-test to post-test positive affect in the plant condition, while positive affect significantly decreased in the color condition. Furthermore, physiological responses measured by heart rate variability suggested no change in stress level from baseline in the plant condition but increased stress level from baseline in the color condition. This is the first study to reveal the psycho-physiological benefits of vertical greenery across the exteriors of a row of buildings and has important implications for urban design and city planning.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipMinistry of Education (MOE)en_US
dc.relation.ispartofLandscape and Urban Planningen_US
dc.rights© 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. This paper was published in Landscape and Urban Planning and is made available with permission of Elsevier B.V.en_US
dc.subjectSocial sciences::Psychologyen_US
dc.titleVertical greenery buffers against stress : evidence from psychophysiological responses in virtual realityen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen
dc.contributor.schoolSchool of Social Sciencesen_US
dc.contributor.schoolInterdisciplinary Graduate School (IGS)en_US
dc.description.versionSubmitted/Accepted versionen_US
dc.subject.keywordsVirtual Realityen_US
dc.subject.keywordsVertical Greeneryen_US
dc.description.acknowledgementThis work was partially supported by Singapore Ministry of Education AcRF Tier 1 Grant RG83/17(NS) awarded to the second author.en_US
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